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  • 1

    PRO PATRIA LEX

    REVIST DE STUDII I CERCETRI JURIDICE

    Volumul XII, Nr. 1(24)/2014

    Revist indexat PROQUEST, SSRN, EBSCO i INDEX COPERNICUS

  • 2

    PRO PATRIA LEX Revist de studii i cercetri juridice

    Volumul XIII, Nr. 1(24)/2014

    D I R E C T O R : Prof. univ. dr. Veronica STOICA

    C O N S I L I U L T I I N I F I C :

    Prof. univ. dr. George ANTONIU Xavier BLANC-JOUVAN (Frana) Prof. univ. dr. Constana CLINOIU Prof. univ. dr. Ion CRAIOVAN Prof. univ. dr. Gheorghe IANCU Prof. univ. dr. Dumitru MAZILU Lygia NEGRIER-DORMONT (Frana) Prof. univ. dr. Costic VOICU

    Prof. univ. dr. Gheorghe POPA Prof. univ. dr. Mihai BDESCU Prof. univ. dr. Vlad BARBU Prof. univ. dr. Florian COMAN Prof. univ. dr. Brndua TEFNESCU Prof. univ. dr. tefan PRUN Prof. univ. dr. Anca Lelia LORINCZ

    Conf. univ. dr. Cristian POPESCU

    C O L E G I U L D E R E D A C I E :

    Redactor ef : Prof. univ. dr. Nicoleta DIACONU

    Redactori efi adjunci :

    Conf. univ. dr. Mihaela PRUN Conf. univ. dr. Marius PANTEA

    Secretari generali de redacie : Conf. univ. dr. Mara IOAN Lect. univ. dr. Oana ISPAS

    R E D A C T O R I :

    Conf. univ. dr. Laureniu GIUREA Conf. univ. dr. Claudiu UPULAN Lect. univ. dr. Laureniu DRAGU Lect. univ. dr. Giusepe ZAHARIA Lect. univ. dr. Mihai OLARIU Lect. univ. dr. Laura MAIEREAN Asist. univ. Mihail MARCOCI Asist. univ. Ioan-Cosmin MIHAI

    Lect. univ. dr. Ctlin ANDRU Lector univ. dr. Gabriela ERBNOIU Lect. univ. drd. Ion IORGA Lector univ. dr. Viorel VELICU Asist. univ. drd. Ligia STANCU Asist. univ. dr. Valentin IONI Asist. univ. dr. Georgiana GHIESCU Asist. univ. dr. Oana POPESCU

    ISSN 1584-3556

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    C U P R I N S I.DREPTPUBLIC 7 STATUTULJURIDICALPARLAMENTARILOREUROPENI 9

    NicoletaDIACONU SOLUIONAREAPANICADIFERENDELORINTERNAIONALENCADRULORGANIZAIILORINTERNAIONALEREGIONALE 15

    NicolaePURD ASPECTEPRIVINDCONDUITAFISCAL

    AliceCristinaMariaZDANOVSCHI 25 COMBATEREACORUPIEIDINJUSTIIEPRINPOLITICINAIONALEIINTERNAIONALE

    BogdanDAVID 36 CALIFICAREANOILORTIPURIDECONFLICTEARMATEDINPERSPECTIVJURISPRUDENIAL

    DavidUNGUREANU 43 IMPLICAIIALEDECLARAIEIDELAPARISPRIVINDDREPTULMARITIM(1856)ASUPRAMODULUIDECODIFICAREANORMELORDEDREPTUMANITARINTERNAIONAL

    LaviniaAndreeaBEJAN 53 INSERIAEXCESIVAGUVERNULUINACTIVITATEADELEGIFERARECAUZADECLINULUIPARLAMENTARISMULUIROMNESCACTUAL

    RamonaDUMINIC 59 STATUTULPRIZONIERILORDERZBOINCONTEXTULCONFLICTELORSECOLULUIXXI,NECESITIITENDINTEPENTRUCRETEREASIGURANEINAIONALEIINTERNAIONALE

    VictoriaCHIRILOIU 67 PREMISELESITUAIEITENSIONATEDINCRIMEEAIIMPLICAIILEACESTEIANREGIUNE

    VelicuVIOREL 74 RAPORTULDINTRERESPONSABILITATEIRSPUNDEREJURIDIC

    IrinaLoredana(STNCULESCU)VOICU 80 TRANSFERAREAPERSOANELORCONDAMNATEMODIFICRILEGISLATIVEOPERATEPRINLEGEANR.300/2013

    AncaLeliaLORINCZ 85 ORDINULCOMANDANTULUI,CAUZJUSTIFICATIVNNELESULNOULUICODPENAL

    GeorgeCOCA 93

  • 4

    CRIMINOLOGIADETRATAMENTOBARIERNEVOLUIAFENOMENULUICRIMINALTudorAMZAGeorgianTOMA 100

    REFLECIICUPRIVIRELAPROCEDURADECAMERPRELIMINAR 105

    GianinaAnemonaRADU 105 UNELEASPECTEPRIVINDVARIANTELEAGRAVATEALEINFRACTIUNIIDEVIOL

    IonuAndreiBARBUMihaelaROTARU 111

    STRMUTAREACAUZELORPENALEIDESEMNAREAALTEIINSTANEPENTRUJUDECAREACAUZEINLUMINAULTIMELORMODIFICRILEGISLATIVE

    MihaiOLARIU 115 CONSIDERAIIASUPRAINSTITUIEICAMEREIPRELIMINARE,NLUMINANOULUICODDEPROCEDURPENAL 121

    CtlinMARIN 121 II.DREPTPRIVAT 129 ELEMENTEDENOUTATEPRIVINDRAPORTULDONAIILORNNOULCODCIVIL

    BujorelFLOREA 131 VICIILEDECONSIMMNTNNOULCODCIVIL

    AndradaMihaelaTRUC 144 VARIETIALEDONAIEINDREPTULROMANPRELUATENCODULCIVILDIN1865INNOULCODCIVIL 156

    CodrinCODREA 156 DREPTULDEPREEMPTIUNEINSTITUTIEJURIDICANOUSAUPROTIMISISULINCONTEXTULACTUAL?

    TudorCORINA 164 DOMICILIUVS.REEDINFORMALITIPRIVINDNCHEIEREACSTORIEI

    RoxanaMANEA,ElenaPETRE(MEISSNER) 169EFECTELEFIDEIUSIUNII

    IoanaCristinaPANU 173 INCURSIUNENSTUDIULDREPTURILORINERENTEFIINEIUMANEIRESPECTULDATORATACESTEIA

    ValeriaGHEORGHIU 183

  • 5

    INSTITUIINAIONALEACTIVENPROCESULDEDEZVOLTAREACADRULUINORMATIVSPECIFICTITLURILORDEVALOARE

    AidaDianaD.DUMITRESCU 188

    ANALIZSUCCINTADISPOZIIILORLEGALEPRIVINDRSPUNDEREADISCIPLINARAFUNCIONARILORPUBLICI

    AndraPURAN 194

    FORMELERSPUNDERIISALARIAILORPENTRUPREJUDICIILECAUZATEANGAJATORILORICUMULULACESTEIACUALTEFORMEDERSPUNDEREJURIDIC

    tefaniaDUMITRACHE 205

    ABUZDEPOZIIEDOMINANTSTUDIUDECAZMICROSOFTLauraMAIEREAN 211

    ACORDAREAAJUTORULUIDEMINIMISVasileIANCU 223

    III. ORDINEPUBLICISIGURANNAIONAL 231

    MICSTUDIUDEDREPTCOMPARATNDOMENIULJOCURILORDENOROCMariusPANTEA 233

    TRAFICULIEXPLOATAREAPERSOANELORVULNERABILELigiaTeodoraILIESCU 250

    PROTECIADATELORCUCARACTERPERSONALCOMPONENTESENIALADREPTULUIORICRUICETEANLAVIAPRIVAT

    AncutaOPRE 259

    CONSIDERAIIPRIVINDORDINULM.A.I.NR.400DIN29.10.2004PRIVINDREGIMULDISCIPLINARALPERSONALULUIDINMINISTERULADMINISTRAIEIIINTERNELORIPROIECTULDEMODIFICAREALACESTUIA

    EugenNEA 267

    EVOLUIACOOPERRIIPOLIIENETIEUROPENEIoanaAndreeaEPURE 308

    GESTIONAREAOBIECTIVELORPRIVINDSIGURANARUTIERLANIVELEUROPEANINAIONAL

    IlieVOICAGheorgheMARIN 314

    TERORISMULRECRUTAREIORGANIZAREPARALELNTRESERVICIILESECRETEErgiunMUSTAFA 319

  • 6

    ROLULCALITILORPERSONALEALEANCHETATORULUINRELAIAANCHETATORANCHETAT

    CristianDUMITRUBONCIGheorgheMARIN 323

    IMPACTULCRIMINALITIIINFORMATICEASUPRAORDINIIPUBLICELANIVELINTERNAIONAL.NOIDIRECIIDEACIUNE

    VarOCTAVIAN 328

    IMPACTULRISCURILORGENERATEDECRIMAORGANIZATLAADRESAORDINIIISIGURANEIPUBLICE

    LaureniuGIUREAElenaCRISTUDOR 332

  • 7

    I. D R E P T P U B L I C

  • 9

    STATUTULJURIDICALPARLAMENTARILOREUROPENI

    NicoletaDIACONU1

    Abstract:TheEuropeanParliament is thevoiceofunitednations in theEuropeanUnion,beingconstitutedbyfree, direct and democratic.Uses and the European Parliament is the institution that provides thewidestrepresentationofEuropeancitizens.TheroleandimportanceoftheEuropeanParliamentinvolvesahighdegreeofresponsibilityofMEPs,theybenefitfromawiderangeofrightsandprivilegesintheexerciseoftheirfunctionsingoodcondition.

    Keywords:EuropeanParliament;MEPs;rightsandobligations;legalstatus;codeofconduct.

  • 15

    SOLUIONAREAPANICADIFERENDELORINTERNAIONALENCADRULORGANIZAIILORINTERNAIONALEREGIONALE

    NicolaePURD1

    Abstract:Regional international organizations have an important role in the peaceful settlement of internationaldisputes.Throughinstitutionalmeansattheirdisposal,theycandobestansweredbytheirmembers,andatthesametimehavethemostappropriateandefficientmeansofimposingseeking/acceptingafairsolutiontothosemembersinvolvedthedispute.

    Keywords:Regionalinternationalorganizations,internationaldispute,theOrganizationforSecurityandCooperationinEurope,OrganizationofAmericanStates,theAfricanUnion.ArabLeague

  • 25

    ASPECTEPRIVINDCONDUITAFISCAL1

    AliceCristinaMariaZDANOVSCHI2

    Abstract:The present paper seeks to find common ground between the conduct of the fiscal legal reportsubjects, the State through its representative institutions and the taxpayer and happiness, orotherwisesaid,thehappinessoftheentiresociety,consideredtobenefitfromtheadministrationofpublic funds. And in order to fulfill its objective, the paper will present some aspects regardingtaxation,fiscalpolicy,fiscalpressure,fiscalequity,thephenomenonoftaxevasion,fiscalabstinence.Thepresentworkendsbypresenting twoconceptsviewedas important for thehappinessof thesocietyregardingtheadministrationofpublicfunds,relatedtotheconductofthefiscal legalreportsubjects,meaning:theliabilityofpublicpowerandthereversibilityoftaxes.

    Keywords:fiscalbehavior,taxation,fiscalpolicy,fiscalpressure,fiscalequity,taxevasion.

  • 36

    COMBATEREACORUPIEIDINJUSTIIEPRINPOLITICINAIONALEIINTERNAIONALE

    BogdanDAVID1

    Abstract:Corruptioninthejudiciaryisaconcernsinceancienttimes.Inrecentyearsthesubjecthascometobewidelydebatedbecauseitisperceivedasthemainobstacletotheimpositionandcompliance"ruleoflaw" principle that underlies any democracy. Integrity is a requirement for magistrates as theiraccountabilitymechanism: if the stategranted institutional independenceandadequate status, thepopulationappearstobealegitimaterequirementonjudgesprofessionalism,competenceandintegrity.

    Keyword:corruption,justice,integrity,prevention,control,punishment

  • 43

    CALIFICAREANOILORTIPURIDECONFLICTEARMATEDINPERSPECTIVJURISPRUDENIAL

    DavidUNGUREANU1

    Abstract:Thenewtypesofarmedconflictshighlightnewaspectsoftheapplicationoftheinternationalhumanitarianlaw to thenew realitiesof classical theatersofoperations in certain situations,but the applicableprovisionsinthefieldareveryvagueoraremissingentirely.Inthiscontext,animportantrolereliesontheinternationalcourtswhichfrequentlyhaveclearedsomeaspectsoftheapplicabilityofcertainrulesof internationalhumanitarian law to the reality and even toqualify some conflictsasbeeinginternationalornoninternational.

    Keywords:internationalhumanitarianlaw,internationalcourts,punishment

  • 53

    IMPLICAIIALEDECLARAIEIDELAPARISPRIVINDDREPTULMARITIM(1856)ASUPRAMODULUIDECODIFICAREANORMELORDEDREPTUMANITARINTERNAIONAL

    LaviniaAndreeaBEJAN1

    Abstract:Iftheideaofregulatingthebehaviourofthestatesinconflicttowardscertainsensitivecategoriesofpeople involved in its conduct had found forms ofmanifestation in the previous eras, only in thesecondhalfof thenineteenthcenturydid these rulesofbehaviourbegin tobewidelyacceptedandrecognized inmultilateralhumanitarian treaties.Thepolarizationof the internationalcommunity inthis period seemed to have a somewhat smaller influence in the approach of the codification ofhumanitarianprotectionnorms,whichwasobviouseven inthemanne

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