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Manuela Florentina STICU Ozana Alexandra STRU

LIMBA ENGLEZ PENTRU AFACERI

ISBN:

(10) 973-687-465-6 (13) 978-973-687-465-9

Editura Eurostampa Timioara, bd. Revoluiei nr. 26 Tel./fax: 0256-204816 E-mail: [email protected]

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UNIVERSITATEA TIBISCUS TIMIOARAFacultatea de tiine Economice

Prep. fil. Manuela Florentina STICU Fil. Ozana Alexandra STRU

LIMBA ENGLEZ PENTRU AFACERINote de curs pentru uzul studenilor de la FR

Timioara 2006

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CUPRINS

TEMA 1 FORMULE DE SALUT (UNIT 1 - GREETINGS) .........................................7 1.1. Reading & speaking......................................................................................................7 1.2. Basic vocabulary...........................................................................................................8 1.3. Grammar reference .......................................................................................................9 Teste de evaluare..................................................................................................................9 TEMA 2 MNCRURI I BUTURI (UNIT 2 - FOODS & BEVERAGES) ..........11 2.1. Reading & speaking....................................................................................................11 2.2. Basic vocabulary.........................................................................................................12 2.3. Grammar reference .....................................................................................................13 Teste de evaluare................................................................................................................13 TEMA 3 HOBBYURI (UNIT 3 HOBBIES) ................................................................15 3.1. Reading & speaking....................................................................................................15 3.2. Basic vocabulary.........................................................................................................16 3.3. Grammar reference .....................................................................................................17 Teste de evaluare................................................................................................................19 TEMA 4 CLTORII (UNIT 4 TRAVELLING)......................................................21 4.1. Reading & speaking....................................................................................................21 4.2. Basic vocabulary.........................................................................................................22 4.3. Grammar reference .....................................................................................................23 Teste de evaluare................................................................................................................24 TEMA 5 FAMILIA (UNIT 5 - THE FAMILY) .............................................................26 5.1. Reading & speaking....................................................................................................26 5.2. Basic vocabulary.........................................................................................................27 5.3. Grammar reference .....................................................................................................28 Teste de evaluare................................................................................................................30 TEMA 6 TIMPUL EXPRIMAREA OREI (UNIT 6 - TELLING THE TIME)......31 6.1. Reading & speaking....................................................................................................31 6.2. Basic vocabulary.........................................................................................................32 6.3. Grammar reference .....................................................................................................33 Teste de evaluare................................................................................................................34 TEMA 7 LA CUMPRTURI (UNIT 7 SHOPPING)..............................................35 7.1. Reading & speaking....................................................................................................35 7.2. Basic vocabulary.........................................................................................................36 7.3. Grammar reference .....................................................................................................37 Teste de evaluare................................................................................................................38 TEMA 8 MBRCMINTE I ACCESORII (UNIT 8 - CLOTHING & ACCESSORIES)...................................................................................................................39 8.1. Reading & speaking....................................................................................................39 8.2. Basic vocabulary.........................................................................................................40 8.3. Grammar reference .....................................................................................................41 teste de evaluare .................................................................................................................42 TEMA 9 DESCRIEREA UNEI PERSOANE (UNIT 9 - DESCRIBING PEOPLE) .44 9.1. Reading & speaking....................................................................................................44 9.2. Basic vocabulary.........................................................................................................45 9.3. Grammar reference .....................................................................................................46 Teste de evaluare................................................................................................................47 TEMA 10 EDUCAIE I NVMNT (UNIT 10 EDUCATION) ....................49 10.1. Reading & speaking..................................................................................................49 10.2. Basic vocabulary.......................................................................................................50 10.3. Grammar reference ...................................................................................................51

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Teste de evaluare................................................................................................................52 TEMA 11- PROFESII (UNIT 11 PROFESSIONS).......................................................54 11.1. Reading & speaking..................................................................................................54 11.2. Basic vocabulary.......................................................................................................55 11.3. Grammar reference ...................................................................................................57 Teste de evaluare................................................................................................................58 TEMA 12 N ORA (UNIT 12 - GOING OUT).............................................................59 12.1.Reading & speaking...................................................................................................59 12.2. Basic vocabulary.......................................................................................................60 12.3. Grammar reference ...................................................................................................61 Teste de evaluare................................................................................................................62 TEMA 13 PETRECEREA TIMPULUI LIBER (UNIT 13 - MAKING PLANS) ......63 13.1. Reading & speaking..................................................................................................63 13.2. Basic vocabulary.......................................................................................................64 13.3. Grammar reference ...................................................................................................65 Teste de evaluare................................................................................................................66 TEMA 14 CASA & MOBILA (UNIT 14 - HOUSE & FURNITURE) ........................67 14.1. Reading & speaking..................................................................................................68 14.2. Basic vocabulary.......................................................................................................68 14.3. Grammar reference ...................................................................................................69 Teste de evaluare................................................................................................................70 TEMA 15 RELATAREA UNOR ACIUNI TRECUTE(UNIT 15 - NARATTING)71 15.1. Reading & speaking..................................................................................................71 15.2. Basic vocabulary.......................................................................................................72 15.3. Grammar reference ...................................................................................................73 Teste de evaluare................................................................................................................74 TEMA 16 PREZENTAREA UNUI PARTENER DE AFACERI (UNIT 16 BUSINESS INTRODUCTIONS) ........................................................................................76 16.1. Reading & speaking..................................................................................................76 16.2. Basic vocabulary.......................................................................................................77 16.3. Grammar reference ...................................................................................................78 Teste de evaluare................................................................................................................78 TEMA 17 STABILIREA UNEI NTLNIRI DE AFACERI (UNIT 17 - MAKING APPOINTMENTS)...............................................................................................................80 17.1. Reading & speaking..................................................................................................80 17.2. Basic vocabulary.......................................................................................................81 17.3. Grammar reference ...................................................................................................82 Teste de evaluare................................................................................................................82 TEMA 18 NTLNIRI DE AFACERI (UNIT 18 - BUSINESS MEETINGS)...........84 18.1. Reading & speaking..................................................................................................84 18.2. Basic vocabulary.......................................................................................................85 18.3. Grammar reference ...................................................................................................85 Teste de evaluare................................................................................................................86 TEMA 19 SRBTORI (UNIT 19 CELEBRATING) ..............................................88 19.1. Reading & speaking..................................................................................................88 19.2. Basic vocabulary.......................................................................................................89 19.3. Grammar reference ...................................................................................................90 Teste de evaluare................................................................................................................91 TEMA 20 RECAPITULARE (UNIT 20 - REVISION).................................................93 BIBLIOGRAFIE.................................................................................................................105

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TEMA 1 FORMULE DE SALUT UNIT 1 - GREETINGS ~ An interesting encounter ~ to be + introductionsCONINUT 1.1. Reading & Speaking 1.2. Basic Vocabulary 1.3. Grammar Reference OBIECTIVE Introducerea i nsuirea urmtoarelor structuri lexicale: - principalele formule de salut i de prezentare; - informaii personale legate de vrst, ocupaie i loc natal; - prezentul verbului to be i utilizarea acestuia n context. REZUMAT n cadrul acestui lecii sunt prezentate cele mai uzuale formule de salut i de prezentare, precum i alte cuvinte si expresii folosite n engleza conversaional curent; lecia mai cuprinde i formele de prezent ale verbului to be. 1.1. READING & SPEAKING Situation: Paul is an American student from New York. He is in London now. Hes staying at Marks house, his best friend from childhood whom he hasnt seen for several years. It is Thursday and Mark is giving a party for Pauls arrival; he is just starting a conversation with Marissa, Marks neighbour from across the door. Paul: Hello! My name is Paul. How do you do? Marissa: How do you do? Im Marissa. Pleased to meet you. Tell me Paul, are you here on holiday? Paul: Well, yes. Mark wrote me a letter two weeks ago and he thought it would be a great idea to spend my summer holiday at his house. So, here I am. Marissa: How nice! Do you like London? Paul: I do, actually. You know, this is my first time here. Marissa: Oh, I see. What do you do? Paul: Im twenty-four years old. I am still a student. Marissa: What are you studying? Paul: Economics. And you? What are you studying? Marissa: Medicine. Im twenty-two years old. Where are you from, Paul?

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Paul:

Im from Chicago but Ive established myself in New York. How about you, Marissa? Are you from London? Marissa: No, Im not. I come from Leeds but I moved here last year and I have to say I love it and(looking at her watch)Oh, its so late! Im afraid I have to go now. Paul: Leaving so soon? Marissa: Yes, I have to get up early in the morning. Paul: Oh, all right then. However, it was a pleasure meeting you. I hope well spend some time together one day. Marissa: Yes, that would be great. I enjoyed talking to you, even if it was for such a short time. Good night, Paul. See you soon! Paul: Good night, Marissa! See you around! ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS:

1. Who is Paul? 2. Where is he now? 3. How old is Paul? Is he a student? 4. Who is Angela? 5. How old is she? What does she do? 6. Where is Paul from? 7. Does he live in New York? 8. Where is Angela from? 9. Does she live in Birmingham? 10. Why does Angela have to leave so soon? 1.2. BASIC VOCABULARY Greetings and introductions Hello/Hi Bun/Salut How do you do? Bun ziua/V salut/mi pare bine de cunotin (se folosete doar cnd ntlnim pe cineva pentru prima oar) Good morning Bun dimineaa (se spune n primele ore ale dimineii) Good afternoon Bun ziua (se spune dup ora 12) Good evening Bun seara (se spune dup ora 6) Good night Noapte bun (se spune doar la plecare seara trziu sau cnd vrem s mergem la culcare) Good bye/So long La revedere See you (soon)/later/around La revedere/Pe curnd See you tomorrow Pe mine This is. Acesta/Aceasta este. (se folosete cnd prezentm pe cineva) Glad/Pleased/Nice to meet you M bucur s v cunosc/ncntat de cunotin

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1.3. GRAMMAR REFERENCE Verb to be Indicative Present FormI He, she, it We, you, they Affirmative am (Im) is (Hes/shes/its) are (Were/youre/theyre) Interrogative I He, she, it We, you, they Negative am not (m not) is not (isnt) are not (arent) from England

Where

am is are

from?

I He, she, it We, you, they

from England

TESTE DE EVALUARE 1 Fill in the blanks with the right forms of the verb to be: Example: My nameisJohn. a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) Where.you from? I.from France. Are you from England? Yes, Is she from Italy? No,. Hean engineer. They..at home. Anne and Christian.from Spain. Whather name? You.from Brazil,.? Shetwenty years old.

2. Complete the following text: HelloJane Portman and Im a doctor. I..35 years old. I.married. My husband, Jack..an architect. Ia daughter. Her name.Jessica. Sheten years old. We all..in a beautiful house in London, England. Itsuch a big house but we like it.

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3 Say whether the following sentences are correct or not: Example: My name is Laura. (correct) Her name are Laura (incorrect) a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) We are not from England. She is from France. You arent from Japan. They is coming to see you. You are so beautiful. Where are you not from? I have twenty years old. It is a nice house. It isnt raining. I am happy to see you. 4. Translate into English: Bun. M numesc Diane Stevenson i am 25 de ani. Sunt profesoar de istorie. Locuiesc ntr-un apartament n Los Angeles. Nu este un apartament foarte spaios dar este destul de confortabil. Nu sunt cstorit. Am o sor i un frate. Pe sora mea o cheam Mary iar fratele meu se numete Sam. Sam este medic. El are 35 de ani. Sora mea este nc student. Ea are doar 20 de ani. 5. Practice Now talk about you. Introduce yourself to the others. Try to give as much personal information as you can.

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TEMA 2 MNCRURI I BUTURI UNIT 2- FOODS & BEVERAGES ~ At the restaurant ~ expressions of quantity + socializingCONINUT 2.1. Reading & Speaking 2.2. Basic Vocabulary 2.3. Grammar Reference

OBIECTIVE nsuirea vocabularului englezesc legat de : - mncruri i buturi - utilizarea expresiilor specifice legate de luarea unei mese la restaurant i purtarea unei astfel de conversaii - folosirea gramatical corect a expresiilor cantitative REZUMAT Aceast lecie conine un dialog legat de luarea unei mese la restaurant, n care apar structuri i noiuni referitoare la mncruri i buturi n general, precum i folosirea corect a expresiilor cu ajutorul crora se exprim cantitatea, n acest context. 2.1. READING & SPEAKING Situation: Still thinking about last nights party and all the fun they had, Paul decides to call Marissa and ask her out to dinner at a fancy restaurant. They talk over the telephone and decide to go to the Royal Inn. Paul makes a phone call and books a table for two for eight oclock. In the evening, he picks Marissa up and they arrive at the restaurant. Waiter: Paul: Marissa: Waiter: Paul: Waiter: Good evening Sir, Madam! Good evening! Good evening! Do you have a reservation, Sir? Yes, I do. Its a table for two right next to the window. All right then. Follow me, please.

Paul: Waiter, can we have the menu please? Waiter: Certainly, Sir. Here you are! Waiter: Do you wish to order now? Marissa: Do you have any seafood today?

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Waiter: Marissa: Waiter: Marissa: Waiter: Paul: Waiter: Paul: Waiter: Paul: Waiter: Marissa: Waiter: Marissa: Paul:

No, Im afraid we dont have any seafood at the moment. How about some pasta? Yes, we have spaghetti. Great! Ill have the spaghetti carbonara. How about you, Sir? Ill have the same. Have you decided on the wine, Sir? What do you recommend? Id recommend a dry Riesling. Well have one bottle, please. Do you care for some dessert? Do you have any tiramisu? Yes, we do Madam. All right then! Well have the tiramisu with a coffee to follow.

Waiter, the bill please! ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: 1. Where does Paul take Marissa out to dinner? 2. Do they have a reservation? 3. What is Marissas first choice? 4. What does the waiter answer? 5. What do they finally decide upon? 6. What do they drink afterwards? 7. Do they have dessert? 8. What do they have after dessert? 2.2. BASIC VOCABULARY food = hran, mncare health food = alimentaie sntoas junk food = alimentaie nesntoas convenience food = semipreparate low-cal food = mncare cu coninut redus de calorii pasta = paste seafood = fructe de mare coffee = cafea black/green tea = ceai negru/verde still mineral water = ap plat sparkling water = ap mineral acidulat red/white wine = vin rou/alb the wine list = meniul pentru vinuri menu = meniu to book/ to reserve a table = a rezerva o mas reservation = rezervare to order = a comanda bill = nota de plat tip = baci12

Socializing to socialize = a socializa to go out = a iei (n ora) to go on a date = a merge la o ntlnire to go out with friends = a iei cu prietenii

2.3. GRAMMAR REFERENCE Expressions of quantity Some/any Some is generally used in positive sentences. Any is used in questions and negatives. Examples: Have you got any tomatoes? There is some milk, but there isnt any cheese. Much/many/a lot of Much and many are generally used in questions and negatives, much with uncountable nouns and many with countable nouns. Examples: How much salt have you got? There arent many potatoes on the plate. A lot of is used in positive sentences, with countable and uncountable nouns. Examples: Hes got a lot of pepper. There are a lot of carrots in the basket. A few/a little A few is used with countable nouns. A little is used with uncountable nouns. Examples: There are a few biscuits on the table. Theres a little whisky left. TESTE DE EVALUARE 1 Divide into groups. Use your dictionaries to complete the following lists: food: bread, butter, meat , beverages: coffee, tea , fruit: cherries, strawberries , vegetables: tomato, cabbage

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2 Put some or any into each gap: a. Have you got ______ salt or pepper? b. We dont need ______ butter. c. There are ______ eggs on the table. d. I want ______ flour because I want to bake a cake. e. Is there ______milk in the fridge? 3. Put much, many, or a lot of into each gap: a. Have you got ______ sugar in the bag? b. We dont need ______eggs. c. There are ______ onions in the basket. d. There is ______ coffee in the coffee-pot. e. Are there______ olives in your salad? 4. Translate into English: a. Avem nite ou, dar nu avem deloc unt. b. Sunt cteva lmi i multe portocale. c. Este puin unt i mult fin. d. Nu sunt muli struguri i nu este mult ulei. 5. Practice You are in a restaurant and you want to have lunch. Imagine and write down your dialogue with the waiter.

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TEMA 3 HOBBYURI UNIT 3 HOBBIES ~ What is your favourite pastime? ~ present simple + likes and dislikesCONINUT 3.1. Reading & Speaking 3.2. Basic Vocabulary 3.3. Grammar Reference OBIECTIVE mbogirea vocabularului de baz cu noiuni i expresii legate de: - descrierea programului zilnic - exprimarea activitilor preferate din timpul liber - utilizarea prezentului simplu n limba englez i formarea deprinderilor legate de folosirea acestuia n vorbire. REZUMAT Coninutul acestei lecii cuprinde vocabularul de baz folosit la: prezentarea programului zilnic, a hobby-urilor personale i exprimarea preferinelor legate de petrecerea timpului liber. Majoritatea verbelor i expresiilor din cadrul acestei lecii sunt folosite pentru a indica ct de mult i place sau displace unei persoane, o anumit activitate. n continuare, s-a insistat asupra acelor forme gramaticale legate de folosirea prezentului simplu. 3.1. READING & SPEAKING Situation: Paul and Marissa are having dinner at a restaurant in the centre of town. They have just finished eating and now they are chatting over a glass of wine. Paul: Tell me Marissa, do you have a busy daily schedule? Marissa: Well, it depends. I usually wake up at 7 oclock during weekdays, I shower, eat breakfast and get ready for school until about 8 oclock. At 9 I hurry to catch the bus, I attend classes, I always eat my lunch in the park, at 4 oclock I come back home, I do some shopping if I have to or I do some cleaning in the house, at 6 I usually have dinner, and in the evening I either study, watch television, read, and sometimes I listen to music or go out with my friends. Paul: Wow, you do so many things in just a single day! Im impressed!

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Marissa: What can I say, I am a very active person and I cant stand just sitting down and doing absolutely nothing. Still, I never wake up before 9 at the weekend. Paul: I see. And what do you do in your spare time? Tell me some of your hobbies, things you like or dislike. Marissa: I love listening to music because its very relaxing, going for walks in the park or reading a good novel before I go to sleep. I am mad about going to parties or to the cinema with my friends, I enjoy dancing and jogging whenever I have the time. It gives me the chance to stay healthy. What else? I also like travelling a lot but I cant say Im a great fan of horror movies and I definitely hate cold weather. How about you? What is your favourite pastime? Paul: I like many things. I like watching television, playing tennis in the summer or going to the gym when I have some free time. I am very keen on taking photos. I think its very interesting and I really enjoy that, but I must admit that I just love travelling. This is my favourite hobby. I think its so exciting. If I had a lot of money, I would travel all over the world. I want to see new places and meet interesting people. Marissa: Oh, its already 9 oclock! I guess time flies when you are having such a good time. Dont you agree? Paul: Of course I do. Lets stay some more. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: 1. Does Marissa have a busy daily schedule? 2. What time does she get up in the morning? 3. What time does she come back home? 4. What are some of the activities that she does in the evening? 5. Does Marissa wake up early at the weekends? 6. What are some of Marissas hobbies and favourite spare time activities? 7. What does Paul like to do in his free time? 8. Does he like playing football? 9. Does Paul enjoy taking photographs? 10. Do they both enjoy travelling? 3.2. BASIC VOCABULARY daily schedule programul zilnic weekdays zilele din timpul sptmnii spare/free time timpul liber leisure/pastime activities activitile pentru petrecerea timpul liber likes and dislikes preferine i nonpreferine Hobbies and spare time activities listening to music a asculta muzic going for walks/walking - a face plimbri, a se plimba

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reading a citi party/cinema (going to) a merge la petreceri sau la cinematograf dancing - a dansa jogging a face jogging, a alerga travelling a cltori watching television a se uita la televizor playing tennis a juca tenis going to the gym a face sport, a merge la sala de sport taking photographs a face fotografii, a fotografia painting - a picta fishing a pescui swimming a nota cooking - a gti Characterizing hobbies interesting interesant exciting palpitant, captivant relaxing - relaxant healthy sntos funny amuzant cheap ieftin expensive scump, costisitor boring (for others) plictisitor dangerous periculos, riscant enjoyable - plcut

Expressing likes and dislikes: to be keen on, to be very fond of, to be mad about, to adore, to love, to like, to enjoy, to be a great fan of, to dislike, dont mind, cant stand, to hate. 3.3. GRAMMAR REFERENCE The Present Simple Tense FormAffirmative I You We They He She It get up at 7.30 gets up Interrogative I You We They He She It

do When does

get up?

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Negative I You We They He She It do not (dont) get up at 7.30 does not (doesnt)

Explanation The Present Simple Tense has the same form as the short infinitive, except for the third person singular, in which case adds an s. We use the auxiliary DO in order to form the interrogative and the negative form; its form for the third person singular changes into does. Use 1. to denote repeated, habitual or permanent actions: Examples: I go to school every morning. John usually drives to work She lives in Spain.

Note: Such actions are usually accompanied by the following adverbs: always, usually, sometimes, never, rarely, seldom, every day, every week, every month, every year, once a week, two times a month. 2. to express general truths or facts: Examples: The sun sets in the West. Paris is in France. Windows are made of glass. The Danube flows into the Black Sea.

3. to indicate actions which are officially planned in the future: Examples: The train leaves tomorrow at 6.30. The plane lands on Tuesday at 10.00 P.M.

4. in exclamatory sentences introduced by here or there: Examples: Here she comes! There they go! 5. to express a future action: Examples: Give me a call when you arrive. He will be very angry if she doesnt explain the situation.

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TESTE DE EVALUARE 1. Fill in the blanks with s or es whenever it is necessary: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. She love_ chocolate. He doesnt like_ fruits. They go_ to school every day. We go_ to the theatre every week. He usually drink_ coffee before breakfast. She watch_ T.V in the evening. Jennifer never dress_ in grey. She always go_ to see her mother on Sundays. I go_ to the cinema once a week. You dont start work_ at 8.00. 2. Turn the following sentences into negatives: 1. He drinks a cup of tea. 2. I write poems. 3. Mary goes to the cinema every week. 4. We live in Italy. 5. You visit us every year. 6. They always talk too much. 7. Jack speaks German. 8. Mother often eats fish. 9. My children usually play in the garden. 10. I laugh easily. 3. Translate into English: 1. De obicei, m duc la coal pe jos. 2. Cte limbi strine vorbeti? 3. El nu locuiete n Bucureti. 4. Mama lui bea o ceac de cafea n fiecare diminea. 5. i place s mergi la cinematograf? 6. Verioara mea cnt la chitar. 7. Ei fac plimbri n parc de dou ori pe sptmn. 8. Iat-i c vin! 9. Paul ascult muzic pop. 10. Ea iubete vara. 4. Translate into Romanian: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. I usually drink a glass of orange juice at breakfast. Do you wash your teeth every morning? Jane lives in a new flat. Mr. Jones likes autumn, but he doesnt like winter. We read stories before we go to bed. The children run in the park very often.

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7. She plays volleyball every Saturday. 8. George wakes up at 8 oclock on weekdays. 9. What kind of films do they enjoy? 10. What does he usually do in the evening? 5. Practice 1. Describe your favourite hobby. 2. Speak about your daily programme.

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TEMA 4 CLTORII UNIT 4 TRAVELLING ~ Ive never been to India. ~ present perfect simple + nationalitiesCONINUT 4.1. Reading & Speaking 4.2. Basic Vocabulary 4.3. Grammar Reference OBIECTIVE - cunoaterea terminologiei specifice cltoriilor - dobndirea capacitii de a descrie o ar strin cu specificul ei - nsuirea numelor de ri i naionaliti n limba englez - folosirea prezentului perfect simplu REZUMAT Lecia urmrete att nsuirea vocabularului legat de cltorii, ri i naionaliti, ct i folosirea, n acest context i nu numai, a prezentului perfect simplu. 4.1. READING & SPEAKING Situation: Still talking about their hobbies, Paul and Marissa reach the subject of travelling, which is Marissas greatest passion. Marissa: The hobby I love most is definitely travelling! Paul: I love to travel too, although I havent seen many countries so far. For instance, Ive never been to India. Marissa: India? Oh! Ive been there twice. Its a beautiful country. And the Indians, although very poor, are such lovely, spiritual people. Paul: What do you think about their culture? Marissa: Well, I really loved their religious atmosphere, their fine silk and their spicy food. Paul: Where else have you been? Marissa: Ive been to France, Greece, Italy, Spain, Turkey, Thailand, China, Japan and Indonesia. Paul: So you like exotic places. Marissa: Yes, I do. I really enjoy observing all these different cultures that have nothing in common with the European one. What countries have you visited? Paul: Well, not as many as you have and not so far away. Ive only visited European countries like: France, Germany, Austria, Switzerland or Hungary. But Id really love to travel more.21

Marissa: Perhaps Ill take you with me on my next trip. Paul: That would be great! ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. What is Marissas favourite hobby? How many times has she been to India? What does she think about the Indians? What does she love most about their culture? Has Paul travelled anywhere so far? Has he already visited as many exotic places as Marissa? What does he think about travelling? What is Marissas suggestion and what does Paul think about it?

4.2. BASIC VOCABULARY to travel = a cltori trip = excursie journey = cltorie tour = tur tourist = turist hike = drumeie hiker = drume to go on a hike = a pleca n drumeie sightseeing = vizit, plimbare, excursie Countries and nationalities: Afghanistan Afghan Albania Albanian Algeria Algerian America American Angola Angolan Austria Austrian Bahamas Bahamian Bangladesh Bangladeshi Belgium Belgian Bermuda Bermudan Bulgaria Bulgarian Canada Canadian Chile Chilean China Chinese Congo Congolese Cuba Cuban Denmark Danish Egypt Egyptian22

itinerary = itinerar, rut guide = ghid (persoana i cartea) destination = destinaie resort = staiune customs = vam passport = paaport visa = viz insurance = asigurare luggage = bagaj bag = geant suitcase = serviet, diplomat

England English Finland Finnish France French Germany German Great Britain British Greece Greek Guatemala Guatemalan Holland Dutch / Dutchman Hungary Hungarian India Indian Iran Iranian Iraq Iraqi Israel Israeli Italy Italian Jamaica Jamaican Japan Japanese Korea Korean Mexico Mexican

Monaco Monegasque New Zealand New Zealander Norway Norwegian Palestine Palestinian Peru Peruvian Poland Polish Portugal Portuguese Romania Romanian Russia Russian

Somalia Somali Spain Spanish Sweden Swedish Switzerland Swiss Taiwan Taiwanese Tibet Tibetan Turkey Turkish Vietnam Vietnamese Zimbabwe Zimbabwean

4.3. GRAMMAR REFERENCE Present Perfect Simple Form: have/has + verb + -ed (past participle)Affirmative and negative I We You They He She It

ve (have) havent s (has) hasnt

been to Greece. been to Italy.

Have

Has

Interrogative I been to the we you United States? they he she been to Spain? it

Short answers Have you been to Egypt? Yes, I have. / No, I havent. Has she ever been to Romania? Yes, she has. / No, she hasnt. Use 1. to express an action in the past (an experience, part of someones life) Examples: I have learnt a lot from my journeys to Egypt. Theyve travelled all over the world.

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Note: Ever and never are common with this use: Have you ever been to Portugal? My mother has never travelled by plane. 2. to express an action or state which began in the past and continues to the present Examples: Ive known Alice for six years. How long have you worked as an accountant? Note: For and since are common with this use: Examples: Weve lived in this town for ten years. Ive had long hair since I finished school. 3. to express a recent past action with a result in the present Note: Ive lost my glasses. (I havent got them now.) My passports been stolen. (It isnt here now.) Has your mother brought any potatoes? (Are there any potatoes now?) TESTE DE EVALUARE 1. Write down the nationality corresponding to the indicated country: a. Germany b. Spain c. France d. Romania e. Hungary f. Italy g. Russia h. Ireland i. Poland j. Turkey k. Japan l. Iraq -

2. Complete the following sentences putting the verbs in the brackets at the present perfect tense: a. I ________ the Rolling Stones last year. (to see) b. How long ____ you____ Peter? (to know) c. We _________ together for over ten years. (to be) d. ____ you ever ____ India? (to see) e. Marys crying because she ____ just _____ some bad news. (to hear) f. Johns laughing because someone ____ just ____ him a joke. (to tell) g. My parents are furious because I ________ the car keys. (to lose) h. Im angry because someone ________ my bike. (to steal)

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3. Put for or since into each gap: a. ____ two weeks b. ____ half an hour c. ____ August d. ____ 9.15 e. ____ I was ten f. ____ a long time g. ____ 3 March h. ____ ages i. ____ the beginning of the term j. ____ a couple of days 4. Translate into English: a. Paul nu a fost niciodat n Japonia. b. Marissa cltorete de cnd era mic. c. Noi locuim n Londra de apte ani. d. A fost el vreodat n Peru? 5. Practice Write down a short composition (about 10 lines) in which you talk about a country that youve never been to. Youve learnt a lot about it at school or on T.V. and you would love to go there.

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TEMA 5 - FAMILIA UNIT 5 - THE FAMILY ~ Do you have any brothers or sisters? ~ have/have got + family membersCONINUT 5.1. Reading & Speaking 5.2. Basic Vocabulary 5.3. Grammar Reference

OBIECTIVE nsuirea vocabularului care face referire la: - membrii familiei i relaiile dintre acetia - utilizarea lui have i have got REZUMAT Aceast lecie cuprinde vocabularul de baz folosit la enumerarea membrilor familiei i descrierea relaiilor familiale. S-a pus accent pe situaiile de utilizare ale formulrilor: have i have got, n limba vorbit. 5.1. READING & SPEAKING Situation: Due to the fact that they had such a good time the last time they went out, Marissa has decided to invite Paul for dinner at her place. While eating dessert, Marissa ceases the opportunity to show Paul some photos of her family. Marissa: Did you enjoy dinner, Paul? Paul: Of course I did. Everything was absolutely delicious. Congratulations to the chef! I have to admit you are a great cook. Marissa: How nice of you to say that. Thank you very much!...(while opening the photo album)Now, let me show you some photos of my family: this is my mother, Sylvia and this is my father, Jack. They still live in Leeds, but I visit them very often. They have got a beautiful house there, with a lovely garden in front, with lots of colourful flowers. Mom loves gardening. Paul: Oh, I see. Do you have any brothers or sisters? Marissa: Yes, I do. I have got a brother. His name is Peter. He is 28 years old. I havent got any sisters, though. Paul: Is this Peter in the photo? Marissa: Yes, this is Peter. Hes married. Theres his wife, Eve. She is so pretty, dont you think? Paul: Yes, I do. And who is this, beside the red car?

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Marissa: Well, this is my aunt Greta, my mothers sister. And do you see the man in the car? That is my uncle, Nelson. They live just across the street from my parents. Paul: Do they have any children? Marissa: They have got a daughter and a son. Her name is Lily and his name is John. And finally, these are my best friends, Sarah and her cousin, Sam. Paul: Do they live in London? Marissa: Yes, Sarah has got a flat not far away from here, and her cousin lives just three blocks from there. Paul: You have a lovely family, Marissa. These are very beautiful photos, indeed. Marissa: Im very glad to hear that. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: 1. Who are Sylvia and Jack? 2. Where do Marissas parents live? 3. Do they own a house or a flat? 4. Does Marissa have any brothers or sisters? 5. How old is Peter? Whom is he married to? 6. Do Nelson and Greta, Marissas uncle and aunt, have children? 7. Do they live in London? 8. Who are Marissas best friends? 9. Where does Sarah live? What about Sam? 10. Does Paul like Marissas family? 5.2. BASIC VOCABULARY Members of the family: father/mother tat, mam brother/sister frate, sor son/daughter fiu, fiic grandfather/grandmother bunic, bunic grandson/grand-daughter nepot, nepoat (de bunici) uncle/aunt unchi, mtu cousin - verior, verioar nephew/niece nepot,nepoat (de unchi) son-in-law/daughter-in-law ginere, nor brother-in-law/sister-in-law - cumnat/cumnat father-in-law/mother-in-law socru, soacr step father/step mother tat vitreg, mam vitreg step brother/step sister frate vitreg, sor vitreg godfather/godmother na, na godson/god daughter fin, fin Family relations husband/wife so, soie parents prini27

grandparents - bunici children copii grandchildren - nepoi parents-in-law - socri in-laws - cuscri godparents nai spouses soi siblings frai 5.3. GRAMMAR REFERENCE Have and have got Form HaveAffirmative I You We They He She It have a house has

Do

Does

Interrogative I You We They have He She It Negative

a house?

I You We They He She It

dont have doesnt a house

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Have gotAffirmative I You We They He She It have got has a garden

Have

Has

Interrogative I You We They got He She It Negative

a garden?

I You We They He She It

havent got hasnt a garden

Explanation Have and have got mean the same thing when we talk about possession, but the form is very different. We often use have got in spoken English. The past of both have and have got is had. Use 1. We often use have got/has got instead of have/has alone: Example: - I have got a new computer. /I have a new computer. - She has got a toothache. /She has a toothache. We use have for actions: Example: - Let me have a look at your letter! - I had breakfast at 9.00. - She has a shower every morning. (= She takes a shower- as an action)

2.

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TESTE DE EVALUARE 1. Complete these sentences with have: 1. Excuse me, .. some cigarettes, please? 2. Do you. a headache? 3. I dont.. a car. 4. He... any money. 5. Wheres Jennifer? Shebreakfast. 6. They havent.an umbrella. 7. What time does Joe.dinner? 2. Translate the above sentences into Romanian. 3. Make up sentences with some of the words from the vocabulary section. 4. Practice Speak about your family. Try to name as many members as you can.

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TEMA 6 TIMPUL EXPRIMAREA OREI UNIT 6 - TELLING THE TIME ~ See you tomorrow at noon. ~ the numeral + time expressionsCONINUT 6.1. Reading & Speaking 6.2. Basic Vocabulary 6.3. Grammar Reference OBIECTIVE - exprimarea orei n limba englez - folosirea expresiilor legate de timp - stabilirea unui program - utilizarea corect a numeralului cardinal i ordinal, precum i a fraciilor i procentajelor REZUMAT Lecia cuprinde modaliti de exprimare a orei n limba englez, de a stabili un program folosind expresiile legate de timp, precum i exprimarea numeralului n limba englez. 6.1. READING & SPEAKING Situation: Our characters are still at Marissas house, after dinner. Its getting late though, and Paul has to go home. So Marissa walks him out. He thanks her for a wonderful night and tells her that he wants to see her again as soon as possible. Marissa: I hope you enjoyed my dinner. I know I may lack modesty, but I loved it. And besides, Ive had a wonderful time. Paul: Are you kidding? The food was incredibly tasty! And Ive had a wonderful time too. In fact, you make me want to have you around all the time. I really must see you again tomorrow. Marissa: Id love to see you too, but Im afraid Im busy the whole day. Paul: Are you sure you cant find an hour for me in your schedule? Marissa: I would like to, but I dont know if I can. Paul: Well, lets give it a try! How about 10 oclock in the morning? Marissa: That would be impossible. Ill be at the university. Paul: O.K. And in the afternoon, are you available around 4.30? Marissa: Unfortunately, Im not. I must get to my dance class at a quarter to 5. Paul: How about the evening? Are you free then?

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Marissa: Ill have to say no again. Im visiting my grandmother at the hospital. Paul: It would have been nicebut if you say youre so busy Marissa: Wait! I have an hour at noon! Paul: Really? Now this is great news! Marissa: Could you pick me up? Ill be at home. Paul: Of course, Marissa. I would love to. Marissa: All right then! Good night! See you tomorrow at noon! Paul: Good night, Marissa! See you! ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: 1. Did Paul and Marissa have a good time at dinner? 2. What does Paul think about Marissas food? 3. Does Paul want to see Marissa again? 4. What does he suggest? 5. What does Marissa answer? 6. Is she available in the morning? 7. What is she doing in the evening? 8. When do they decide to meet? 6.2. BASIC VOCABULARY a quarter to ten = 10 fr un sfert ten minutes to five = 5 fr 10 a quarter past eight = 8 i un sfert five minutes past nine = 9 i 5 twelve thirty = 12 i jumtate Time expressions: What time is it? = Ct e ceasul? Its a quarter past five. = Este ora 5 i un sfert. after three oclock = dup ora 3 at about one oclock = cam pe la ora 1 before noon = nainte de prnz before midnight = nainte de miezul nopii nearly five oclock = aproape ora 5 two hours ago = acum 2 ore soon = curnd in half an hour = ntr-o jumtate de or in an hours time = ntr-o or early = devreme late = trziu a.m. = ante-meridian p.m. = post-meridian seven a.m. = ora 7 seven p.m. = ora 19

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6.3. GRAMMAR REFERENCE The numeral The cardinal numeral: 1 - one 2 - two 3 - three 4 - four 5 - five 6 - six 7 - seven 8 - eight 9 - nine 10 - ten 11 - eleven 12 - twelve 13 - thirteen 14 - fourteen 15 - fifteen 16 - sixteen 17 - seventeen 18 - eighteen 19 - nineteen 20 - twenty 21 - twenty-one The ordinal numeral: the first primul; the second al doilea; the third al treilea; the fourth al patrulea; the fifth al cincilea; the tenth al zecelea; the eleventh al unsprezecelea; Fractions and percentages: a half = o jumtate a quarter = un sfert a third = o treime two thirds = dou treimi 10% (ten per cent) = 10 la sut the thirtieth al treizecilea; the fortieth al patruzecilea; the fiftieth al cincizecilea the eighty-seventh al optzeci i aptelea. 22 - twenty-two 30 - thirty 37 - thirty-seven 40 - forty 43 - forty-three 50 - fifty 60 - sixty 70 - seventy 80 - eighty 90 - ninety 100 - one hundred 101 - a hundred and one 112 - a hundred and twelve 150 - a hundred and fifty 1,000 - one thousand 100,000 - one hundred thousand 1,000,000,000 - one million

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TESTE DE EVALUARE 1. Write down in words the following numbers: 45, 68, 23, 79, 91, 163, 240, 795, 933, 98, 56, 13, 17, 14, 42, 39, 21, 497, 333, 667 2. Transform into ordinals the following numbers: 3, 15, 19, 24, 36, 57, 49, 2, 68, 71, 83, 92, 51, 84, 73, 22, 16, 81, 45, 7 3. Translate into Romanian: 1. We are going to meet tomorrow at 7.30. 2. He wants to be there at about 5 oclock. 3. Marias mother told her to come back home before midnight. 4. I was offered a 20% discount because of my loyalty to the company. 4. Translate into English: 1. Vreau s dorm o jumtate de or. 2. Ai terminat cartea? Nu nc.Am citit doar dou treimi. 3. 10% dintr-o mie este 100. 4. Am nevoie de un sfert de or ca s-mi termin treaba. 5. Practice Write down your schedule for tomorrow.

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TEMA 7 LA CUMPRTURI UNIT 7 SHOPPING ~ Im looking for a souvenir~ this/that/these/those + pricesCONINUT 7.1. Reading & Speaking 7.2. Basic Vocabulary 7.3. Grammar Reference OBIECTIVE nsuirea terminologiei referitoare la: - efectuarea cumprturilor - exprimarea preurilor. - fixarea cunotinelor legate de folosirea pronumelor/adjectivelor demonstrative, this, that, these i those. REZUMAT Aceast lecie include principalele cuvinte i expresii utile n cadrul unei conversaii purtate ntr-un magazin, folosite la efectuarea cumprturilor ct i la exprimarea corect a preurilor produselor. n privina aspectelor gramaticale, s-au evideniat formele i folosirea pronumelor i adjectivelor demonstrative. 7.1. READING & SPEAKING Situation: It is Monday afternoon. Paul and Marissa are in town. On their way to the restaurant theyve settled to eat lunch, Marissa sees a gift shop and asks Paul to enter it together, in order to help her choose a nice souvenir for her best friend, Sarah. Shop assistant: Good afternoon. May I help you? Marissa: Yes. Im looking for a souvenir. Shop assistant: Can I help you find something? Marissa: Well, I could use some help. What would you recommend? Shop assistant: Might I ask who is it for? Marissa: Its for my best friend, Sarah. Shes going away for a couple of months and were planning to give her a surprise farewell party. Shop assistant: Oh, this is a very special occasion, indeed! What do you think of this lovely silver ring right here in the glass case in front of you? Would you like to put it on your finger to see if it fits? Marissa: Well, it does look good. How much is it? Shop assistant: Its fourteen pounds seventy.35

Marissa:

Its not so expensive, either. Paul, what do you think? Do you like it? Paul : Certainly. Im sure Sarah will love it, especially if it comes from your part. Shop assistant: Might I suggest matching earrings, and perhaps a bracelet or a necklace as well? Marissa: I dont know what to say What about that bracelet over there near the counter? How much does it cost? Shop assistant: Thats a little bit more expensive. It costs thirty pounds. Marissa: Hmm, I am not sure. And these earrings beside the bracelet youve just showed me? Shop assistant: These are twenty pounds fifty. They look magnificent, dont they? Marissa: Yes, they do. Paul, I cant seem to make up my mind! Would you help me, please? Paul: Let me look around. What about those glass globes in the shop window? Marissa: Oh Paul, they are absolutely wonderful! Well take one of those. Shop assistant: Good choice. Thats twelve pounds ninety. Anything else? Marissa: No, thank you. Thats all for today. Here you are. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: 1. Who does Marissa want to buy a souvenir for? 2. Does Marissa want to find a birthday present for Sarah? 3. What does the shop assistant first recommend? 4. How much does the silver ring cost? 5. Do they decide to buy it? 6. Is the bracelet cheap? 7. Are the earrings very expensive? 8. Can Marissa make up her mind easily? 9. Who helps her in the end? 10. Is she content with the present shes finally bought? 7.2. BASIC VOCABULARY Useful words and expressions customer client/client shop assistant/keeper/sales person vnztor/vnztoare (ntr-un magazin) price pre counter - tejghea shopping cumprturi shopping bag/basket geant, saco pentru cumprturi shopping centre/supermarket supermarket, supermagazin shop/store magazing gift shop magazin de cadouri

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department store magazin universal expensive/dear scump, costisitor cheap ieftin souvenir suvenir, amintire present/gift cadou May/Can I help you?- Pot s v ajut cu ceva? What can I do for you? Cu ce v pot ajuta?/Ce pot face pentru dumneavoastr?/Ce dorii? Can I help you find something? V pot ajuta s gsii un produs anume? Im looking for - Caut Do you have ? - Avei ? Where can I find? Unde pot gsi? How much is it?/How much does it cost? Ct cost? Anything else? Altceva? pound lira sterlin ( a pound = 100 pence: o lir = 100 penny; Pence= p) 7.3. GRAMMAR REFERENCE This, that, these, those FormSingular Near reference Distant reference This Plural These

That

Those

Explanation 1. The demonstrative pronoun It usually expresses temporal and spatial relationship between the objects it stand for and the speaker: Examples: This is our car. That is your sister. These are her books. Those arent your parents. 2. The demonstrative adjective It determines a noun and indicates the place of the noun in time or space: Examples: This ring in my hand looks beautiful. That coat over there by the window is black. These shoes in the window cost twenty pounds. Those paintings on the wall are not so expensive.

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Note: - we use this and these to talk about persons and objects that are near to us. - we use that and those to talk about persons and objects that are far from us (that arent so near to us). TESTE DE EVALUARE 1. Put this, that, these, those into the gaps: 1. Isyour sister? Introduce me to her. 2. ..woman over there is looking at me. 3. How much are..shoes on that shelf? 4. trousers in your hand are so dirty! 5. Look!..........girl is crying! 6. .pictures youre holding, are mine! 7. I dont know.boy from across the street. 8. book is quite interesting. 9. Dopeople near you have an umbrella to borrow? 10. What arechildren doing? 2. Translate the above sentences into Romanian. 3. Translate into English: 1. Cine este btrnul acela de acolo? 2. Prietena mea vrea s viziteze acest muzeu. 3. Ale cui sunt caietele acelea de pe mas? 4. Aceste mere sunt foarte gustoase. Mai vreau s mnnc unul. 5. Acesta este fratele meu, iar acela de lng u este veriorul meu. 6. Acele scaune din captul slii sunt stricate. 7. Nu tiu dac acest brbat tie cum s repare maina noastr. 8. Aceea este poeta mea! 9. Acetia nu sunt ochelarii mei! Cred c i-am pierdut. 10. Acelea sunt florile pe care le-am primit ieri de ziua mea. 4. Imagine you have to buy a birthday present for somebody in your family. Make up a dialogue in which you decide what to buy. 5. Practice What would be the perfect present for you? Try to describe it in more than just a few words.

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TEMA 8 MBRCMINTE I ACCESORII UNIT 8 - CLOTHING & ACCESSORIES ~ You look lovely in red! ~ the article (definite / indefinite / zero) + coloursCONINUT 8.1. Reading & Speaking 8.2. Basic Vocabulary 8.3. Grammar Reference OBIECTIVE - nsuirea vocabularului specific vestimentaiei i a celui legat de accesorii - reamintirea termenilor care exprim culorile i utilizarea lor n context - folosirea gramatical corect a articolului REZUMAT Aceast lecie conine un dialog care urmrete nsuirea vocabularului englezesc legat de mbrcminte i accesorii, reamintirea termenilor care exprim culorile, precum i folosirea corect a articolului. 8.1. READING & SPEAKING Situation: A week has gone by since Paul and Marissa went shopping. As she really enjoyed Pauls company and appreciated his good taste, Marissa decided to ask him to repeat the experience and go shopping for clothes this time. So here they are now, at the mall, looking for some nice outfits. Marissa: Look at that green dress! Isnt it nice? I think Ill try it on. Paul: You should do that. It looks all right. Marissa: What do you think? Paul: It doesnt look bad, but the colour doesnt really suit you. Why dont you try the red one over there? Marissa: Youre right. It looks great! Could you please bring it to me? Paul: Of course! Here you are! Marissa: Well What do you think? Paul: It fits you perfectly. And its very fancy. I find it very beautiful. And you look lovely in red.

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Marissa: Im glad you like it. Its also very comfortable. Ill take it. Paul: Id really love to pay for it if you agree to go out with me dressed in it. Marissa: Thank you, but that isnt necessary. Ill wear it anyway just to please you. Marissa: Paul! Look at those blue trousers! I think they would look great on you. Paul: O.K.! Lets go and check them out. Paul: Well? Marissa: They really suit you. You look very cool! Paul: If you think so, Ill take them. Marissa: O.K.! And after you pay for them, lets go and find a matching shirt. And oh! Id also like to see some accessories to go with my new dress Perhaps some earrings, a necklace or a bracelet. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: 1. Where does Marissa invite Paul and for what purpose? 2. Does Paul like the green dress? 3. What does he think of the red one? 4. On what condition does he offer to pay for the red dress? 5. What does Marissa show Paul? 6. Does she like the way Paul looks in those trousers? 7. What does she suggest to find that would match the trousers? 8. Does Marissa want anything to go with her dress? 8.2. BASIC VOCABULARY clothes = haine dress = rochie to wear = a purta to take off = a da jos coat = hain jacket = jachet suit = costum tuxedo = smoching blouse = bluz pullover = pulover shirt = cma T-shirt = tricou trousers = pantaloni jeans = blugi shorts = pantaloni scuri skirt = fust boxers = boxeri panties = chiloi de dam bikini = bikini bra = sutien swimsuit / bathing suit = costum de baie nightdress = cma de noapte pyjamas = pijamale dressing gown = capot bathrobe = halat de baie socks = osete shoes = pantofi boots = cizme sandals = sandale slippers = lapi hat = plrie cap = apc

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Accessories tie = cravat bow tie = papion scarf = earf gloves = mnui belt = curea button = nasture, buton Colours yellow = galben orange = portocaliu red = rou blue = albastru green = verde violet / mauve / purple = violet

zip = fermoar ring = inel earrings = cercei bracelet = brar necklace = lnior

pink = roz white = alb grey = gri black = negru brown = maro

8.3. GRAMMAR REFERENCE The article The indefinite article We use the indefinite article: 1. with professions: Examples: Im a teacher. Hes an engineer. 2. with some expressions of quantity: Examples: a pair of boots a couple of hours a hundred three times a week thirty miles an hour a little a few 3. in exclamations with what + a countable noun Examples: What a lovely day! What a pity! What a beautiful dress! The definite article We use the definite article: 1. before seas, rivers, hotels, theatres, museums, newspapers etc. Examples: the Atlantic the British Museum the Times the Ritz

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2. if the determined noun is unique: Examples: the sun the moon the Earth the Queen the Government 3. with superlative adjectives Examples: the richest man in the world the youngest of us all The zero article There is no article: 1. before plural and uncountable nouns when we talk about things in general Examples: I like skirts. I love blue T-shirts. Cigarettes are not good for you. 2. before countries, towns, streets, languages, magazines, meals, airports, stations and mountains Examples: I had breakfast in Glasgow. I bought Cosmopolitan at Paddington Station. 3. before some places and with some means of transport Examples: at home in / to bed at / to school at / to work by bus / plane / car / train on foot 4. in exclamations with what + an uncountable noun Examples: What lovely weather! What loud music! TESTE DE EVALUARE: 1. Put a, an or no article before each noun: ______ trousers ______ dress ______ earring ______ belt ______ shoes ______ dressing gown

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2. Put the or no article into each gap: 1. These are ______ cheapest shoes Ive ever seen. 2. I love ______ necklaces. 3. He bought ______ Daily Mirror and ______ Readers Digest. 4. She hates ______ gloves. 5. Forget about the dress. ______ skirt looks a lot better. 6. Its not so cold outside. Ill leave ______ coat at ______ home. 3. Put a or no article into each gap: 1. What ______ cool T-shirt! 2. What ______ nice day. 3. What ______ deep eyes! 4. What ______ mess! 5. What ______ bad weather! 6. What ______ lovely music! 4. Translate into English: 1. Am cumprat o pereche nou de cizme. 2. Ce plrie frumoas! 3. Ea are o cma de noapte portocalie. 4. El poart pijamale albastre. 5. A dori s cumpr o bluz roie, dou fuste verzi, o curea maro i o pereche de pantaloni albi. 6. Paul dorete o cravat gri, care s se asorteze cu costumul negru. 5. Practice You are out shopping. You want to complete your wardrobe. Imagine and write down your dialogue with the shop assistant. You are asking for at least five items.

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TEMA 9 DESCRIEREA UNEI PERSOANE UNIT 9 - DESCRIBING PEOPLE ~ Look! Theres Sarah! ~ the adjective + oppositesCONINUT 9.1. Reading & Speaking 9.2. Basic Vocabulary 9.3. Grammar Reference

OBIECTIVE - nsuirea cuvintelor i expresiilor folosite la descrierea unei persoane - introducerea adjectivului ca parte de vorbire i folosirea lui corect n limba vorbit i scris REZUMAT Aceast lecie conine cele mai uzuale cuvinte i expresii folosite la descrierea unei persoane i urmrete fixarea cunotintelor referitoare la forma, poziionarea i clasificarea adjectivului. 9.1. READING & SPEAKING Situation: Our two main characters, Marissa and Paul, have just stepped out of a clothing store, and now they are in a hurry to catch the 5 oclock bus. On their way to the bus stop, Paul has the impression he sees Sarah, Marissas best friend whom he has seen in pictures only, on the other side of the street. Marissa: Do you think I can make a quick stop at the bookshop, Paul? I really need to buy a book I have to use at school. Paul: I dont know what to say. There isnt enough time and were going to miss the 5 oclock bus if you stay too long. Marissa: I wont. Ill be right back! Paul : Marissa, wait! Look! Theres Sarah! Marissa: Sarah?! Where? I dont see her. Paul: Right there across the street in front of that big red car. If my memory serves me right, shes rather short, thin and she has curly dark hair. Am I right? Marissa: Yeah, thats what she looks like, but I still cant spot her. There are too many people there. Paul: She is right between that tall old man whos wearing a long black coat and a big strange looking hat and that young woman with a short white jacket and straight blonde hair. She also has a little grey purse in her hand.44

Marissa: I think I see her nowit looks like shes waiting for someone but thats not Sarah! Its just someone who looks a lot like her! Paul: Are you sure? Marissa: Of course Im sure. Sarah isnt that short and she doesnt have glasses. Paul : Oh, I see. My mistake. I really thought it was her. Marissa: Its already 6 oclock! Weve missed the bus! What are we going to do now? Paul: We are going to catch a cab. Its too cold, wet and cloudy. Its also getting dark. Marissa: All right. I just cant stand bad weather. I love it when its warm, dry and sunny. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: 1. What are Marissa and Paul doing? 2. Is there enough time for Marissa to buy the book she needs for school? 3. Whom does Paul think he sees? 4. Where does Paul see Sarah? 5. What does Sarah look like? 6. Does Sarah have glasses? 7. Is the girl on the street Sarah? 8. Did Paul and Marissa catch the bus? 9. What do they decide to do? 10. What is the weather like? 9.2. BASIC VOCABULARY Opposites short, tall/long scund/scurt, nalt/lung thin/slender, fat/plump slab/subire, gras/rotund, durduliu old, young/new btrn/vechi, tnr/nou curly, straight cre, drept-ntins dark (haired), fair/blonde (haired) brunet, blond little, big mic, mare black, white negru, alb cold, warm/hot rece, cald wet, dry umed, uscat cloudy, sunny nnorat, nsorit bad, good - ru, bun Describing people He is very sociable, ambitious and funny. He is twenty years old, hes quite tall, about one metre eighty and hes very handsome.

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She has curly black hair and blue eyes. She is rather tall, slender and beautiful. She has straight blonde hair, green eyes and a lovely smile. He is wearing dark brown trousers and a light green jumper. She is wearing a pink skirt and a black shirt. She is wearing high heels and carrying a little leather purse. 9.3. GRAMMAR REFERENCE The adjective - is the speech part which describes and modifies nouns; it is used to give more details or information about the nouns they are associated with. Examples: It is a very interesting novel. Hand me that big brown square box, please! Her sister is thin, young and pretty.

Form 1. adjectives are always invariable; they don't have a singular and plural form or a masculine, feminine and neuter form; they never add a final s; Example: awful not awfuls Position - adjectives are always placed before the noun; they are never situated after the noun. Example: an orange dress not a dress orange 2. they can also be placed at the end of a sentence if they describe the subject of the sentence. Example: My mother is great. Classification If we refer to the word-formation, adjectives can be: - simple: new, cheap, clean - derived: wonderful, dark-coloured - composed: downright, manlike Note: When we use two or more adjectives together, place them in the following order: 1. Opinion Example: an interesting book, a boring film 2. Dimension Example: a little doll, a thick book 3. Age Example: an old house, a new building46

4. Shape Example: a square box, a round ball 5. Colour Example: some black shoes, a blue scarf 6. Origin Example: a French town, a British car 7. Material Example: a velvet jacket, a plastic glass, a silk dress TESTE DE EVALUARE 1. Write the opposite of the following adjectives: large: ............................ pretty :........................... happy : .......................... full: ............................... interesting: .................... rich: .............................. easy:.............................. clean: ............................ calm:............................. early:.............................

2. Make up sentences with the following words: - beautiful, handsome, hungry, friendly, favourite, rested, tired, angry, tidy, difficult. 3.Translate into Romanian: 1. Last night I met your beautiful sister. 2. It was an amazing event. 3. Do you think he is an intelligent child? 4. My mother is friendly and nice. 5. I want to sit in that old rocking chair. 6. Do you want to buy a new family car? 7. She is tall, thin and she has brown eyes. 8. Dinner smells good. 9. I wish to take a hot bath. 10. This is going to be an interesting journey. 4. Translate into English: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Ieri, am gsit o pisica neagr. Acela este un tablou foarte vechi. Nu cred c este o problem prea dificil. Nu crezi c este un brbat artos? Trandafirii roii sunt florile mele preferate. El este un om ru i periculos.

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7. Aceast femeie ine n mn o cutie mare i galben. 8. Ce zi frumoas i nsorit! Mergem s ne plimbm prin parc? 9. Nu suport vremea urt i rece! 10. Cine este acel biat firav i tcut? 5. Practice How would you describe your best friend? Write at least 10 lines.

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TEMA 10 EDUCAIE I NVMNT UNIT 10 EDUCATION ~ Dont disturb me. Im studying. ~ present continuous + education terminologyCONINUT 10.1. Reading & Speaking 10.2. Basic Vocabulary 10.3. Grammar Reference OBIECTIVE - nsuirea terminologiei englezeti specifice domeniului educaiei; - capacitatea de a folosi termenii din domeniul educaiei n limbajul curent; - cunoaterea i folosirea corespunztoare a prezentului continuu. REZUMAT Lecia are n vedere nsuirea vocabularului englezesc din domeniul educaiei i ntrebuinarea acestuia n limbajul curent; cunoaterea i folosirea gramatical corect a prezentului continuu.

10.1. READING & SPEAKING Situation: Months have gone by. Paul and Marissa have spent a lot of time together. But now Marissa is busy studying and she cannot go out as much as she used to. She is preparing for her winter exams. Paul misses her. He is calling her to ask her out. Paul: Marissa: Paul: Marissa: Paul: Marissa: Hello! Marissa? This is Paul speaking. Oh! Hi Paul! How are you? Fine, thanks. And you? Could be worse I suppose, but Im busy studying. I was thinking of going out tonight. Im afraid thats impossible. Im preparing for my anatomy exam on Tuesday. Paul: Cant you take a break? Just for a couple of hours. Marissa: No, I couldnt do that! Ive got a lot to learn and I wouldnt want to fail my exam. Paul: Please!!! How about half an hour? Marissa: Im sorry. Ill see you on Tuesday. Im taking my exam at noon and Ill be free in the evening. We can get together then. Paul: But that means Id have to wait five more days And I miss you! Marissa: I miss you too. But well survive. Youll see.

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Paul: Marissa: Paul: Marissa: Paul: Marissa: Paul: Marissa:

Well, it seems like theres no way of getting you out of the house tonight. I guess Ill call you on Tuesday then. O.K. Paul. We have a deal. Bye Marissa! And good luck! Thanks Paul! Bye! Hi Marissa! Its me again. Hi Paul! I called to see if you changed your mind about tonight. Oh, Paul! I thought we had a deal! Please dont disturb me. Im studying!

ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: 1. Why does Paul call Marissa? 2. What is she doing? 3. Does she accept his proposition? 4. Why doesnt she? 5. When does Marissa tell Paul that they can meet? 6. How many days are there left until then? 7. Does Paul give up on trying to get Marissa out of the house? 8. What does Marissa say when he calls her for the second time? 10.2. BASIC VOCABULARY state school = coal de stat private school = coal privat nursery school / kindergarten = grdini primary school = coala primar secondary school = coala secundar high school = liceu college = colegiu higher education = studii superioare university = universitate medical school = facultatea de medicin commercial / business school = facultate cu profil comercial / economic subject = obiect de studiu, materie optional subject = materie facultativ compulsory subject = materie obligatorie course = curs exam = examen oral exam = examen oral written exam = examen scris final exam = examen de absolvire to prepare for an exam = a se pregti pentru un examen to take an exam = a da un examen to pass an exam = a lua un examen to fail an exam = a pica un examen50

to cheat in an exam = a copia la un examen credit = credit graduate = subst.: absolvent vb.: a absolvi, a ncheia studiile diploma = diplom he holds a diploma in economics = el este liceniat n economie to learn = a nva to study = a studia textbook = manual homework = tem 10.3. GRAMMAR REFERENCE Present continuous Form am is + verb + -ing (present participle) areI Affirmative am studying m He is She s eating It are We You re singing They

I He She It We You They

Negative am not studying m not is not isnt eating are not arent singing

What What

Interrogative am I studying? he is she eating? it we you they

What

are

singing?

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Short answers: Are you listening to me? Yes, I am. / No, Im not. Is Marie studying? Yes, she is. / No, she isnt. Use We use the present continuous: 1. to talk about an action that is happening now Examples: He is walking in the park (now). They cant go out because they are preparing for tomorrows exam. 2. to talk about an action that is happening around now, but not necessarily at the moment of speaking Examples: Shes studying Mathematics at the university. Im reading a great novel by Hermann Hesse. 3. to express a future action that is already planned Examples: Im meeting Jane on Wednesday at 5 oclock. Shes starting her poetry classes next week. What are you doing on Sunday? TESTE DE EVALUARE 1. Put the verbs in brackets at the present continuous tense: 1. What are you (do) ________ on Friday? 2. I (go) ________ to the movies. 3. He (watch) ________ you attentively. 4. They (read) ________ Bernard Shaw this semester. 5. We (listen) ________ to music now. 6. Are you (talk) ________ to me? 2. Transform the sentences from the previous exercise into negatives. 3. Translate into Romanian: 1. I hold a diploma in Architecture. 2. Ive made my decision. Im going to get higher education. 3. He failed the exam in business English. 4. What optional subjects are you going to follow?

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4. Translate into English: 1. Anatomia este o materie obligatorie la facultatea de medicin. 2. Sylvia a trecut examenul la englez. 3. Cte cursuri avei anul acesta? 4. Mike i face tema de la pagina 17 din manual (acum). 5. Practice John wants to cheat at his final exam. Convince him not to. Tell him how important it is to graduate honestly and underline the fact that he really shouldnt risk his diploma. Write at least 10 lines.

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TEMA 11- PROFESII UNIT 11 PROFESSIONS ~ Im going to be a doctor. ~ going to (future plans) + professions/jobsCONINUT 11.1. Reading & Speaking 11.2. Basic Vocabulary 11.3. Grammar Reference OBIECTIVE - introducerea i nsuirea vocabularului referitor la profesii - exprimarea planurilor de viitor cu ajutorul lui going to REZUMAT Coninutul leciei are n vedere nsuirea vocabularului de baz din domeniul profesional i ntrebuinarea n limbajul curent, prin exprimarea planurilor de viitor. 11.1. READING & SPEAKING Situation: Paul and Marissa are visiting Mark and his girlfriend, Jane. After discussing about several things, they reach the subjects of professions and future plans. Jane: Are you still a student, Marissa? Marissa: Yes, I am. Jane: What are you studying? Marissa: Medicine. Jane: And this is what youve always wanted to do? Marissa: Of course. Ive never pictured myself doing something else. Jane: And what are you going to do after you graduate? Marissa: Im going to work in a hospital. Im going to be a doctor. In fact, Im going to be a pediatrist. I love working with kids. Jane: What about you, Paul? What are you studying? Paul: Economics. Jane: And what do you intend do to afterwards? Paul: I intend to work in a multinational bank. Im going to be a loan officer and maybe a branch manager some day. Mark: Well, Im definitely going to be a painter. I really enjoy spending time in my studio, painting. I could stay in there for hours.

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Marissa: And you, Jane? You havent told us what your future career plans are. Paul: Mark has just told us you are studying Architecture. Jane: Yes, and I guess Im going to be a house decorator. At least, this is the career I want to pursue. Mark: Well, I wish you all good luck in achieving your goals! Jane: Its nine oclock. What do you want to do now? Mark: Grab your coats and lets all go for a walk downtown. How about that? Paul: Sure! Marissa? Is it fine with you? Marissa: Certainly. Why not? Jane: Wonderful! Its going to be great! ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: 1. Where have Paul and Marissa been invited to? 2. Who is Jane? 3. What are they all discussing about? 4. What is Marissa going to be? 5. Is Paul going to be a lawyer? 6. Where does Paul intend to work? 7. Does Mark enjoy painting? 8. Is Jane going to be a house decorator? 9. Is this the career she wants to pursue? 10. What do they finally decide to do? 11.2. BASIC VOCABULARY Jobs & Professions accountant/book keeper - contabil actor/actress - actor, actri architect - arhitect barman /bartender - barman businessman /executive afacerist, om de afaceri, director carpenter - tmplar chef buctar ef civil servant - funcionar public, de stat clerk funcionar (comercial), contabil, notar computer operator / programmer operator, programator cook buctar dancer dansator, dansatoare decorator - decorator dentist - dentist designer designer director director, membru n consiliul de administraie film director - regizor doctor/physician doctor, medic driver ofer

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economist - economist editor redactor (ef) electrician - electrician engineer inginer chemist/pharmacist farmacist fire fighter/fireman - pompier fisherman - pescar flight attendant nsoitoare de zbor, stewardes hairdresser coafor, coafez, frizer head master/teacher director de coal, ef de catedr jeweler - bijutier journalist ziarist, jurnalist judge - judector lawyer - avocat lecturer confereniar loan officer ofier de credit manager director, administrator branch manager director de filial mechanic - mecanic musician - muzician news reader / news presenter prezentator de tiri nurse - asistent painter/artist - pictor photographer - fotograf pilot - pilot plumber - instalator police officer/policeman ofiter de poliie, poliist politician - politician receptionist - recepionist sailor marinar salesperson agent de vnzri scientist om de tiin secretary secretar singer cntre soldier - soldat solicitor - jurisconsult surgeon - chirurg tailor - croitor teacher/professor profesor, profesor universitar travel agent agent de turism waiter/waitress chelner/chelneri writer scriitor Institutions airport aeroport travel agency agenie de voiaj bank banc bar bar dentists cabinet dentar

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surgery cabinet medical caf cafenea savings bank cas de economii hairdressers coafor tailors croitorie dry-cleaners curtorie chimic university, faculty universitate, facultate chemists/pharmacy farmacie railway station gar hotel hotel motel motel museum muzeu opera house oper police (station) poliie post-office pot restaurant restaurant insurance company companie de asigurri hospital spital school coal theatre teatru tribunal tribunal 11.3. GRAMMAR REFERENCE Going to FormI am You/we/they are He/She is going to to be a singer. listen to music. to study English. leave on Saturday. work in an office.

Note: Compare the following situations: Now: I am an economist. In the future: I am going to be an economist. I am in Paris. I am going to be in Paris. Use We use going to when we say what we have already decided to do, what we intend to do in the future. Examples: Im going to the seaside next summer. Shes going to be a lawyer when she graduates. We are going to the cinema tomorrow. They are going to buy a television.

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TESTE DE EVALUARE 1. Translate into Romanian (use your dictionaries): - fisherman, farmer, undertaker, baker, butcher, construction worker, miner, astronaut, researcher, gardener, florist, foreman, cashier, surveyor. 2. Make up sentences with at least ten words from the vocabulary section. 3. Translate into English: 1. M duc la o petrecere n seara asta, dar nu tiu cu ce s m mbrac. 2. Uit-te la cer! Cred c va ploua n curnd. 3. Nu tiu ce va face acum. 4. Ea va lucra la o companie italian. 5. El i va cumpara o main nou. 6. Noi vom merge la cinematograf. 7. Sptmna viitoare plec n Grecia. 8. Intenionez s-mi rennoiesc garderoba 9. Robert i va zugrvi biroul n alb. 10. Te uii la televizor n seara asta? 4. Practice What do you do? Write about your job/profession.

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TEMA 12 N ORA UNIT 12 - GOING OUT ~ At the cinema ~ prepositions + the weatherCONINUT 12.1. Reading & Speaking 12.2. Basic Vocabulary 12.3. Grammar Reference OBIECTIVE - introducerea vocabularului referitor la ieirile mondene - dobndirea capacitii de a purta o conversaie legat de acestea i de a lansa o invitaie la o astfel de ieire - nsuirea terminologiei i a expresiilor despre vreme - cunoaterea i folosirea principalelor prepoziii din limba englez REZUMAT Aceast lecie i propune studierea vocabularului legat de ieirile mondene, dar i a celui referitor la vreme, ct i ntrebuinarea n limbajul curent. Din punct de vedere gramatical, se insist att asupra cunoaterii prepoziiilor, ct i asupra utilizrii corecte a acestora. 12.1. READING & SPEAKING Situation: As Pauls job interview was a total success, it is only natural that it should be followed by a celebration. So Paul decides to talk to Marissa and find a way to celebrate his new job. Paul: So, what should we do today? Marissa: Well, I was thinking about going out in the park for a picnic, but since its raining, I guess well have to find something else to do. Paul: How about going to that new dancing club that opened last week? Marissa: I dont know what to say. I dont really feel like dancing. Paul: Should we go to the theatre? Marissa: Ive checked this weeks programme and theres nothing in it for tonight. Paul: How about the opera? Marissa: Sorry! Nothing either. Paul: Do you want to go some place for dinner then? Marissa: Not really, Im afraid. Im on a diet. Paul: Ive got it! Well go to the cinema. Marissa: That sounds good! What film is playing tonight?

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Paul: Marissa: Paul: Marissa: Paul:

Its Sweet November. Whos in the cast? Well, I think its Charlize Theron and Keanu Reeves. Great! I love them both. Its settled then. Were going to the cinema. Ill pick you up at seven oclock. Marissa: O.K.! At the cinema: Marissa: Look at the poster Paul! It looks promising, doesnt it? Paul: Yes, it does. Lets go in now! ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: 1. What are Paul and Marissa celebrating? 2. Why cant they go out for a picnic? 3. Do they go dancing? Why? 4. Do they choose the theatre or the opera? 5. Why doesnt Marissa want to eat out? 6. What is their final choice? 7. What movie is on? 8. When does Paul pick Marissa up? 12.2. BASIC VOCABULARY Going out cinema = cinematograf at the cinema / the movies = la cinematograf. theatre = teatru opera = oper cast = distribuie museum = muzeu show = spectacol, reprezentaie circus = circ The weather nice weather = vreme bun bad weather = vreme rea dreadful weather = vreme groaznic a fine day = o zi frumoas sun = soare a sunny day = o zi nsorit cloud = nor cloudy = nnorat rain = ploaie60

disco = discotec nightclub = club de noapte club = club bar = bar pub = pub restaurant = restaurant casino = cazinou funfair = parc de distracii races = curse a rainy day = o zi ploioas precipitation = precipitaii storm = furtun stormy weather = vreme furtunoas a flash of lightning = un trsnet a thunder = un tunet wind = vnt the wind is blowing = bate vntul snow = zpad

its snowing = ninge snowflakes = fulgi de zpad temperature = temperatur its warm = este cald its hot = este foarte cald

its chilly = este rcoare its cold = este frig its freezing = este ngheat frost = ger

12.3. GRAMMAR REFERENCE Main prepositions and their use: at: - indicates the place: We are at the station. - indicates the time: Shes coming at 8 oclock. - indicates a target: He threw a rock at me. - indicates a state: These are men at work. - signifies near or next to: The mailbox is by the bus stop. - indicates the creator of a work: Weve seen a play by William Shakespeare. - indicates a followed rule: I sorted the items by category. - indicates the amount of some progression: Our stock is up by 10%. - in the formula x by x, indicates a progression, one x after another: She read the book page by page. - indicates the means of transport used: I went to the seaside by train / by bus / by car / by plane etc. - indicates containment: There is water in the glass. - indicates the surrounding: We are in the city walls. - indicates belonging or association: This is a friend of mine. - indicates containment: Please bring me a cup of coffee. - indicates material: This furniture is made of wood. - indicates location: Theres a carpet on the floor. - indicates the date: Ill see you on Friday.61

by:

in:

of:

on:

- indicates the subject of something: This is a book on history. to: - indicates direction: Im going to Rome. - used after certain adjectives, it indicates a relationship: Dont be cruel to me! This problem is similar to the one we had last week. TESTE DE EVALUARE 1. Fill in the gaps with the appropriate prepositions: 1. Anna has returned ______ her home town. 2. Are the boys still swimming ______ the pool? 3. The baby spilled the milk ______ the floor. 4. I went home ______ bus. 5. I want a glass _____ milk. 6. Im reading a novel ______ William Faulkner. 2. Describe each of the four seasons using the words and expressions in the vocabulary section. 3. Translate into Romanian: 1. This is a very harsh winter. Lets go in! Im freezing. 2. Its raining cats and dogs. I cant leave without an umbrella. 3. There were thunders and flashes of lightening It was a terrible storm. 4. Look at that funny snowman that those kids are making! 4. Translate into English: 1. Mine voi merge la gar cu autobuzul. 2. Copiii studiaz un roman de Henry James. 3. Janice va ajunge n Canada smbt la ora 5. 4. Te voi urmri pas cu pas. 5. Practice You are inviting your girlfriend / boyfriend to the theatre. Write down your dialogue. Talk about the programme, about the play that you are going to see, about the actors playing it etc.

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TEMA 13 PETRECEREA TIMPULUI LIBER UNIT 13 - MAKING PLANS ~ Are you free for the weekend? ~ modal verbs + making plansCONINUT 13.1. Reading & Speaking 13.2. Basic Vocabulary 13.3. Grammar Reference OBIECTIVE nsuirea cuvintelor i expresiilor referitoare la: - organizarea planurilor i stabilirea activitilor pentru petrecerea timpului liber - folosirea acestora ntr-un context adecvat - introducerea principalelor verbe modale i cunoaterea situaiilor n care ele sunt utilizate REZUMAT Aceast lecie cuprinde cele mai uzuale cuvinte i expresii referitoare la organizarea planurilor i stabilirea activitilor pentru petrecerea timpului liber i folosirea acestora n conversaie, ntr-un context adecvat. Textul conine principalele verbe modale care apar n situaii de utilizare diferit. 13.1. READING & SPEAKING Situation: It is Thursday afternoon. Paul and Marissa are talking about their plans for the weekend and they cant seem to decide what to do. Paul: Can I ask you something? Marissa: Of course. Paul: Are you busy tonight? Marissa: I have something planned but I could Paul: I understand. What about the weekend? Are you free then? Marissa: I don't have anything scheduled. I'm free all weekend. Why? Do you want to do something? Paul: Lets seewe could go to the cinema. What do you think? Marissa: Well, we could do that, but we already did that two weeks ago. I feel like doing something different. Paul: We may go dancing. Do you feel like it? Marissa: We might do this on Saturday. You know I love to go dancing. Paul: And tomorrow? Would you like to go the theatre?

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Marissa: That sounds good. And maybe after, we could go bowling. Paul: I would really enjoy that. So, what time shall I pick you up? Is 6 oclock all right with you? Marissa: Well, I dont know what to say. Maybe we should meet there at 6.30. There is something I really have to do first. UnlessNever mind. 6 oclock is fine with me. Paul: So, its all settled. Its going to be fun, youll see. Marissa: I cant wait for the weekend to come ANSWER THE FOLOWING QUESTIONS: 1. Is Marissa free for the weekend? 2. Does Marisa want to go to the cinema? 3. What does she want to do this time? 4. Whats Pauls second proposition? 5. Does Marissa like to go dancing? 6. What is their plan for Friday? 7. What does Marissa propose to do after the theatre? 8. Do they decide to meet at 7 oclock? 9. Does Paul offer himself to pick Marissa up? 10. Are they satisfied with the plans theyve made? 13.2. BASIC VOCABULARY Useful words and expressions Are you busy tonight? Eti ocupat() n seara asta? Are you free for the weekend? Eti liber() n weekend? What are you doing this Saturday? Ce faci smbta asta? I dont have anything scheduled Nu am nimic programat/stabilit Im free all weekend Sunt liber() pe toat durata weekend-ului I'm open tomorrow evening Sunt liber() mine sear Do you want to do something? Vrei s facem ceva? Unfortunatelly, I have plans this weekend Din pcate, mi-am fcut planuri pentru acest weekend Sorry, I'm kind of busy tonight mi pare ru, sunt cam ocupat() n seara asta Lets see we could go to the cinema Pi, s vedem am putea s mergem la cinematograf We may go dancing Am putea/putem s mergem la dans Would you like to go to the theatre? i-ar plcea s mergem la teatru?/Ai vrea/vrei s mergem la teatru? We could go bowling Am putea/putem s mergem la bowling Sounds good Sun bine/sunt de acord I would really enjoy that Mi-ar face mare placere s

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13.3. GRAMMAR REFERENCE Modal Verbs The most common modal auxiliaries in English are: can could may might shall Features 1. Modals form the negative by adding the verb not: Example: She cannot swim, but she can ride the bike. 2. Modals form the interrogative: Example: Could you help me, please? 3. Modals dont add s at the 3rd person singular, at Present Simple: Example: He might help us. 4. We always use the short infinitive after modals: Example: You may sit down. Use 1. Can/Could Examples: She can paint. (expressing ability) Can I ask you something? (asking for permission) They could mean well. (possibility) should must will would

2. May/Might Examples: May I come in? (permission) I might take you up on that. (possibility)

3. Shall/Should Examples: Shall we meet in front of the theatre? (suggestion) Should we agree with him? (asking for advice)

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3. Must Examples: 4. Will/Would Examples: Will you give me a hand, please? (polite request) Would you sign here, please? (polite request more conventional than will) TESTE DE EVALUARE 1. Translate into Romanian: 1. The film must be starting any minute. 2. I must leave now. 3. She can help us. 4. Could you bring me my coat, please? 5. You could be right. 6. Might I interfere in your conversation? 7. May I join you? 8. She couldnt have done that. 9. I would rather go with him. 10. I was not able to convince her she was wrong. 2. Translate into English: 1. El va trebui s plteasc pentru ceea ce a fcut. 2. tii s vorbeti englezete? 3. Trebuie s vorbesc cu prinii ti. 4. Ar trebui s-i vizitezi bunicii mai des. 5. Ce vrei s mnnci astzi? 6. A dori s dai muzica mai ncet. 7. Poi s m ajui puin? Nu sunt n stare s m descurc singur. 8. Ar trebui s-l asculi ce spune. Are dreptate. 9. Ea nu poate s conduc. 10. Nu pot s rezolv problema asta fr ajutorul vostru. 3. Make up ten sentences with the modals given above. 4. Practice Divide into groups. Establish appoitments for tomorrow. He really must go now. (strong obligation) You must clean your room.

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TEMA 14 CASA & MOBILA UNIT 14 - HOUSE & FURNITURE ~ Lets move in together. ~ countable nouns / uncountable nounsCONINUT 14.1. Reading & Speaking 14.2. Basic Vocabulary 14.3. Grammar Reference OBIECTIVE - nsuirea vocabularului referitor la locuin i mobilier - dobndirea capacitii de a folosi n limbajul curent aceste noiuni - cunoaterea i folosirea corect a substantivelor cu i fr form de plural REZUMAT Aceast lecie urmrete familiarizarea cu vocabularul englezesc legat de locuin i mobilier, de obinerea capacitii de utilizare a acestuia n limbajul curent, avndu-se n acelai timp n vedere, i problematica de ordin gramatical a substantivelor cu i fr form de plural. 14.1. READING & SPEAKING Situation: Paul and Marissa have been together for several months now. Their relationship has become more and more stable. Presently, they are both thinking about moving in together, but none of them has the courage to say it out loud. This evening, as they are walking home after a party, while chatting about the food, the drinks, the music, and the people that were there, Paul approaches the subject. Paul: Marissa I was thinking Weve been together for a few months now and you know Ive loved every minute spent with you. Marissa: I feel the same. Paul: Since were getting along so well and we see each other almost every day, why wouldnt we spe