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  • 7/30/2019 Combaterea Spalarii Banilor - Cristian Tarnauceanu - Master Umk Iasi - Referat

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    _KNPOUXNQIQOI MNCINF BLDFKNHOIK_ NIN

    @ I H _ F Q I Q O I A O A U O W Q

    M I X Q O U

    QNNKO WOKIFO N HUNMNKIFNXQNH

    U O @ O U I Q

    H L M E I Q O U O IX W F U N N E I K N F L U

    Mitorni: Aropt pokif ourlpoik

    Wrl`oslr karumtlr:

    Wrl`oslr _knvorsntir Alhtlr: Pisnfo Wvfoiku

    Mistorika&

    Qrkuhoiku Hrnstnik

    5795 -5798

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    H _ W U N K X

    9+ HO OXQO XWFIUOI EIKNFLU

    Drupuf ao Ihnuko @nkikhnir Nktorkinlkif +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++pid+ 95

    Hllporiroi nktorkinlkif nkstntunlkifpoktru hlmeitoroi spfrnn eiknflr n i `nkikrnn torlrnsmufun+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++pid+ 98

    Hofo 17 ao Uohlmikairn hu prnvnro fi spfiroi eiknflr+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++pid+ 98

    Hofo 3 Uohlmikairn Xpohnifo hu prnvnro fi `nkikiroi torlrnsmufun ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++pid+ 98

    Mlkntlrnziroi prldrosufun momernflr ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++pid+ 98

    Uiplrtiroi lrnoktrnflr n tocknhnflrk spfiroi eiknflr ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++pid+ 91

    Fnsti rnflr n torntlrnnflr kohllporikto #KHHQ. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++pid+ 91

    Motlalfldni poktru ovifuiroi

    hlmeitornn spfrnn eiknflr n i `nkikrnn torlrnsmufun ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++pid+ 9?

    Drupuf Odmlkt +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++pid+ 9?

    Hllporiroi LKWHXE hu nkstntunnfo nmpfnhitok ihost sohtlr fi knvof kinlkif++++++++++++++++pid+ 94

    HLKHF_ZNN++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++pid+ 9>

    [email protected]+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++pid+ 57

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    9+ HO OXQO XWFIUOI EIKNFLU>-NE,JC-75 Mikuif ao nk-

    strunro prnvnka hlmeitoroi spfrnn eiknflr5775

    Wrlnoht WCIUO UL75-NE,JC-73 Dcnauf ao

    Qrikzihnn Xuspohto Oantni Uovnzunt& Xoptom erno

    5771

    Xpfiroi eiknflr osto pirtoi `nkikhnir ao `ihtl i tuturlr nk`rihnuknflr prnk hiro so lenkoprl`nt+ Osto prlhosuf prnk hiro nk`rihtlrnn nkhoirh s ishuka lrndnkoi n plsosni roif i voknturnflr

    prlvoknka ank ihtnvntinfo flr hrnmnkifo+

    Aihi osto khukukit hu suhhos& ihoisti ihtnvntito vi pormnto moknkoroi hlktrlfufun isupri

    ihostlr voknturn sn& nk uftnmi nkstikti& vi l`orn l ihlpornro fodntnmi poktru sursi voknturnflr flr+

    Xhlpuf ukun miro kumir ao ihtnvntitn nk`rihtnlkifo osto dokoriroi ao prl`nt poktru nkanvnaufsiu drupuf hiro sivirsosto nk`rihtnukoi+ Xpifiroi eiknflr roproznkti prlhosiroi ihostlr

    rozuftito ifo nk`rihnuknn hu shlpuf ao i fo ishukao lrndnkoi nfodifi+ Ihost prlhos iro l nmplrtiktihrntnhi& poktru hi l`ori nk`rihtlrufun plsnenfntitoi ao i so euhuri ao prlausofo nk`rihtnuknn `iri i fo

    aozvifun prlvoknokti+

    Pikzirnfo nfodifo ao irmo& hlktrieikai& sn ihtnvntitnfo hrnmon lrdiknzito& nkhfusnv& ao oxompfu&

    tri`nhuf ao arldurn sn rotofofo ao prlstntutno& plt dokori sumo urniso+ Aofipnairoi& nksnaor triankd& mnti snshcomofo ao `riuai po hlmputor plt& ao isomokoi& prlauho mirn prl`nturn sn hroi `ihnfntitn nk hooi ho

    prnvosto fodntnmiroi histndurnflr murairo letnkuto prnk spifiroi eiknflr+

    Itukhn hika l ihtnvntito nk`rihtnlkifi dokoroizi prl`nturn suestiktnifo& nkanvnauf siu drupuf

    nmpfnhit troeuno si disoishi l hifo ao i hlktrlfi `lkaurnfo `iri i itrido itoktni isupri ihtnvntitnn ank

    hiro prlvnk siu isupri porslikoflr nmpfnhito+ Nk`rihtlrnn rousosh ihost fuhru ishukzika sursofo&

    shcnmeikau-fo `lrmi& siu anrohtnlkika `lkaurnfo hitro uk flh ukao osto min putnk plsnenf hi

    ihostoi si itridi itoktni+

    Xpifiroi eiknflr osto uk prlhos prnk hiro so ai l ipirokti ao fodifntito uklr prl`nturn letnkuto

    nfodif ao hitro nk`rihtlrn hiro& iri i `n hlmprlmnsn& eoko nhnizi uftornlr ao sumofo letnkuto+

    Osto uk prlhos ankimnh& nk tron otipo& hiro kohosnti nk prnmuf rika - mnshiroi `lkaurnflr

    letnkuto nk mla anroht ank nk`rihtnukn2 nk if alnfoi rika - ishukaoroi urmoflr eiknflr poktru i so

    ovnti lrnho tnp ao nkvostnditno2 nk if tronfoi rika - ansplknenfnziroi eiknflr poktru nk`rihtlrn&

    ishukzikau-so ank klu lrndnkoi lhupitnlkifi sn doldri`nhi i lkaurnflr+

    I. Ao`nknroi spfrnn eiknflr k fodnsfini Ulmiknon: Fodoi 0?0,5775& irt+ 9 fnt+ i.: Wrnk

    spifiroi eiknflr so nktofodo nk`rihtnukoi provizuti fi Irtnhlfuf 58+

    Nk`rihtnukn provizuto nk irt+ 58:

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    i. shcnmeiroi siu triks`oruf ao eukurn& huklshika hi prlvnk ank sivirsnroi ao

    nk`rihtnukn& nk shlpuf ishukaornn siu if ansnmufirnn lrndnknn nfnhnto i ihostlr eukurn siu nk

    shlpuf ao i ijuti porsliki hiro i sivirsnt nk`rihtnukoi ank hiro prlvnk eukurnfo si so

    sustridi ao fi urmirnro& juaohiti siu oxohutiroi poaopson2

    e. ishukaoroi siu ansnmufiroi iaoviriton kiturn i prlvoknokton& i sntuirnn& i

    ansplzntnon& i hnrhufitnon siu i prlprnotitnn eukurnflr lrn i aropturnflr isupri ihostlri&huklshika hi eukurnfo prlvnk ank sivirsnroi ao nk`rihtnukn2

    h. aleikanroi& aotnkoroi siu `lflsnroi ao eukurn& huklshika hi ihostoi prlvnk ank

    sivirsnroi ao nk`rihtnukn+

    Worslikofo `nznho sn jurnanho provizuto ao Irtnhlfuf 3:

    i. eikhnfo& suhursifofo eikhnflr strinko sn nkstntutnnfo ao hroant2

    e. nkstntutnnfo nkikhniro2

    h. slhnotitnfo ao isndurirn sn roisndurirn2

    a. idoktnn ohlklmnhn hiro aos`isliri ihtnvntitn ao jlhurn ao klrlh& imikot& vikzirn-humpirirn ao lenohto ao irti& motifo sn pnotro protnliso& aoiforn& turnsm& prostirn ao

    sorvnhnn sn lrnho ifto ihtnvntitn snmnfiro hiro nmpfnhi pukoroi nk hnrhufitno i viflrnflr2

    o. porslikofo `nznho sn jurnanho hiro ihlrai isnstokti ao spohnifntito jurnanhi& kltirnifi&

    hlktienfi& `nkikhnir-eikhiri& hu rospohtiroi ansplzntnnflr fodifo prnvnka sohrotuf prl`osnlkif2

    `. porslikofo hu itrneutnn nk prlhosuf ao prnvitnziro2

    d. l`nhnnfo plstifo sn porslikofo jurnanho hiro prostoizi sorvnhnn ao triksmntoro ao eikn&

    nk fon siu nk vifuti2

    c. idoktnn nmlenfnirn2

    n. hisofo ao shcnme vifutir2

    j. lrnho ifti porsliki `nznhi siu jurnanhi& poktru ihto sn `ipto sivirsnto nk i`iri snsto-

    mufun `nkikhnir-eikhir+

    E. Ao`nknroi spfrnn eiknflr k fodnsfini _knuknn Ourlpoko: Anrohtnvofo Hlksnfnufun>9,873,OOH ank 97 Nukno 9>>9 sn 5779,>4,OH ank 1 Aohomerno 5779:

    Xpifiroi eiknflr nksoimki urmitliroi ihtnuko& itukhn hika osto sivirsnti hu nktoktno:

    i. triks`lrmiroi siu triks`oriroi ao prlprnotito& huklshika hi l ist`of ao prlprnotito

    prlvnko anktr-l ihtnvntito nk`rihtnlkifi siu anktr-uk iht ao pirtnhnpiro fi l ist`of aoihtnvntito& nk shlpuf ishukaornn siu ansnmufirnn lrndnknn nfnhnto i prlprnotitnn siu nk

    shlpuf sprnjnknrnn lrnhiron porsliko nmpfnhito nk hlmntoroi ukon ist`of ao ihtnvntitn&

    poktru i so sustrido ao fi hlksohnktofo fodifo ifo ihtnuknflr sifo2

    e. ishukaoroi siu ansnmufiroi kiturnn& surson& impfisirnn& anspukornn& mnshirnn& arop-turnflr roifo hu prnvnro fi prlprnotito siu fi plsosni ihostoni& huklshika hi l ist`of ao

    prlprnotito prlvnko anktr-l ihtnvntito nk`rihtnlkifi2

    h. aleikanroi& plsosni siu `lflsnroi ukon prlprnotitn& huklshika& fi aiti prnmnrnn& hi l

    ist`of ao prlprnotito prlvnko anktr-l ihtnvntito nk`rihtnlkifi siu anktr-uk iht ao pirtnhn-

    piro fi l isomokoi ihtnvntito2

    a. pirtnhnpiroi& islhnoroi& toktitnvi ao hlmntoro sn sprnjnknroi& nkhurijiroi& nkfosknroi&s`itunroi nk voaoroi hlmntornn lrnhironi anktro ihtnuknfo moktnlkito nk ifnkoitofo iktornliro+

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    5+ OQIWO IFO XWFUNN EIKNFLU

    Xursi:

    [email protected] Hum sukt spfitn eiknn Oantno

    rovnzunt lhtlmerno 5778

    Wrlnoht WCIUO UL>>-NE,JC-75Mikuifaonkstru-

    nroprnvnkahlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr5775

    Wrlnoht WCIUO UL75-NE,JC-73 Dcnauf ao

    Qrikzihtnn Xuspohto Oantni Uovnzunti Xopt 5771

    Ku oxnsti l snkduri motlai ao spifiro i eiknflr+ Motlaofo plt virni ao fi humpiriroi

    sn vnkaoroi ukun lenoht ao fux #ao ox+ l misnki siu l enjutorno. piki fi trohoroi eiknflr prnktr-l

    rotoi hlmpfoxi nktorkitnlkifi& ao i`ihorn fodifo sn prnk hlmpiknn shlnhi #hlmpiknn hiro

    oxnsti kumin hi porsliko jurnanho `iri i aotnko ihtnvntitn hlmorhnifo siu i aos`isuri i`ihorn.+Nkntnif& nk hizuf tri`nhufun ao arldurn siu iftlr nk`rihtnukn hum ir `n hlktrieikai& `urtuf& siktijuf

    oth+& `lkaurnfo rozuftito niu& nk mla hurokt& `lrmi eiknflr fnhcnzn hiro troeuno si `no nktrlausn

    prnk lrnho motlai nk snstomuf `nkikhnir+

    Lporitnuknfo eikhiro triantnlkifo ao hlkstntunro i aoplzntoflr siu ao triks`or if eiknflr

    sn snstomofo ao hroantiro l`ori uk mohiknsm vntif poktru spifiroi eiknflr& nk spohnif& nk `izi

    nkntnifi ao nktrlauhoro i kumorirufun nk snstomuf `nkikhnir+

    Nk hnuai virnotitnn motlaoflr `lflsnto& prlhosuf ao spifiro i eiknflr so roifnzoizi nk tron

    otipo hiro plt huprnkao kumorliso trikzihtnn o`ohtuito ao spifitlrnn ao eikn& trikzihtnn hiro

    sukt ao kituri si ifortozo nkstntutnnfo `nkikhniro isupri ihtnvntitnflr nk`rihtnlkifo& rospohtnv:

    9+ Wfisiroi:

    Uoproznkti shipiroi& fi prlprnu& ao kumorir letnkut ank ihtnvntitoi nfodifi& poktru

    sopiriroi `lkaurnflr prlvoknto ank surso nfnhnto& hiro ir putoi `n suprivodcoito ao lrdikofo ao

    ipfnhiro i fodnn+

    Nk otipi nkntnifi siu ao pfisiro nk spifiroi eiknflr& nk`rihtlruf nktrlauho prl`ntuf siu

    nfodif nk snstomuf `nkikhnir+ Ihoisti so plito `iho prnk nmpirtnroi sumoflr mirn ao kumorir nk

    sumo min mnhn sn min putnk suspohto hiro sukt ipln aoplzntito anroht nktr-uk hlkt eikhir siu

    prnk humpiriroi ukun kumir ao nkstrumokto `nkikhniro #hohurn& enfoto fi lrank oth. hiro suktipln hlfohtito sn aoplzntito nk hlkturn anktr-l ifti flhitno+

    5+ Xtritn`nhiroi:

    Aupi nktriroi `lkaurnflr nk snstomuf `nkikhnir& iro flh i alui otipi - stritn`nhiroi+

    Uoproznkti prlhosuf ao mnshiro i eiknflr nktro an ornto hlkturn poktru i fo ishukao lrndnkoi+

    Nk ihoisti otipi& spifitlruf ao eikn nktrorprnkao l sorno ao proshcnmeirn siu mnshirn ifo

    `lkaurnflr poktru i fo nkaopirti ao sursi ank hiro prlvnk+ @lkaurnfo plt `n nkaroptito hitro

    humpiriroi sn vikziroi ao nkstrumokto ao nkvostntnn& siu spifitlruf plito& pur sn snmpfu& si

    trnmnti `lkaurnfo prnk triks`or ofohtrlknh nktr-l sorno ao hlkturn ank anvorso eikhn ao po nktroddfleuf+ _tnfnziroi i min mufto hlkturn nkaopirtito ank pukht ao voaoro doldri`nh& nk shlpuf

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    spifirnn eiknflr& osto& nk spohnif& `lflsnti nk ihofo jurnsanhtnn hiro ku hllporoizi nk ikhcotofo

    poktru hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr+ Nk ikumnto sntuitnn& spifitlrnn ao eikn plt aodcnzi triks`o-

    rurnfo hi `nnka pfitn poktru eukurn sn sorvnhnn& nk ihost `of aikau-fo l ipirokti fodntnmi+

    Xopiriroi voknturnflr nfnhnto ao sursi flr prnk hroiroi uklr striturn hlmpfoxo ao trik-

    zihtnn `nkikhniro prlnohtito poktru i nksofi lrdikofo ao hlktrlf sn poktru i isnduri iklknmituf+

    8+ Nktodriroi:

    Aupi ho i trohut hu suhhos prlausofo nk`rihtnuknn prnk prnmofo alui otipo ifo

    prlhosufun ao spifiro i eiknflr& spifitlruf ao eikn troho ipln nk i troni otipinktodriroi nkhiro `lkaurnfo ronktri nk hnrhuntuf ohlklmnh fodif+ Xpifitlruf plito ifodo ipln si nkvostoishi

    `lkaurnfo po pniti nmlenfniri& i eukurnflr ao fux siu i i`ihornflr+

    Aihi prlhosuf ao stritn`nhiro iro suhhos& shcomofo ao nktodriro vlr trnmnto ank klu

    rozuftitofo spifirnn nk hnrhuntuf ohlklmnh& nk isi `of nkhit ofo vlr ronktri nk snstomuf `nkikhnir

    ipirika hi `lkaurn klrmifo sn hurito letnkuto ank ihtnvntitn hlmorhnifo+

    Hon tron pisn ao eizi so plt hlkstntun nk `izo sopirito sn anstnkhto+ On plt ipiroi nksi sn

    snmuftik siu& min lenskunt& so plt supripuko+ @ofuf nk hiro sukt `lflsntn pisnn ao eizi aopnkao

    ao mohiknsmofo ao spifiro ansplknenfo sn ao hornktofo lrdiknzitnnflr hrnmnkifo+

    Nk hiaruf prlhosufun ao spifiro i eiknflr s-iu naoktn nhit ikumnto pukhto vufkorienfo&

    pukhto an`nhnf ao ovntit ao hitro spifitlruf ao eikn sn& nk hlksohnkti& uslr ao rohuklshut& rospohtnv:

    pfisiroi kumorirufun nk snstomuf `nkikhnir2

    trohoroi kumorirufun posto rlktnoro2

    triks`oriroi kumorirufun nk sn ankspro snstomuf `nkikhnir+

    8+ KOHOXNQIQOI AO I HLMEIQO XWFIUOI EIKNFLU

    Xursi:

    Wrlnoht WCIUO UL>>-NE,JC-75 Mikuif ao nk-

    strunro prnvnka hlmeitoroispifirnn eiknflr5775

    Wrlnoht WCIUO UL75-NE,JC-73 Dcnauf ao

    Qrikzihtnn Xuspohto Oantni Uovnzunti Xoptom-

    erno 5771

    [email protected] - Toe Xnto - Alhumokto

    Hlk`ornkti Nktorkitnlkifi ank Euhurostn

    Hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr sn `nkiktirnn

    torlrnsmufun: nktodriroi snstomoflr kitnlkifo

    nktr-uk hiaru dfleif hlksnstokt Euhurostn&

    91-9? Nukno 5771

    Fupti poktru hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr iro l auefi mltnvitno+ Wo ao l pirto&

    mltnvitni hlmeitornn hrnmon lrdiknzito sn i oxtnkaornn sifo fi shiri mlkanifi+ Wo ao ifti pirto&

    hlksorviroi nktodrntitnn pnotoflr `nkikhniro sn i ohlklmnon ao pniti+

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    Hlmeitoroi hrnmon lrdiknzito

    Nk uftnmnn ikn i survoknt l rohuklistoro ank ho nk ho min miro i `iptufun hi osto osoktnifsi so fupto nmpltrnvi hrnmon lrdiknzito& hi nk`rihtlrnn troeuno lprntn& lrn ao hito lrn osto plsnenf&

    ank i fodntnmnzi rozuftitofo ihtnvntitnflr flr hrnmnkifo prnk triks`lrmiroi `lkaurnflr ank

    murairo nk `lkaurn hurito+

    Xhlpuf ukun miro kumir ao ihtnvntitn nk`rihtnlkifo osto dokoriroi ao prl`nt poktrunkanvnauf siu drupuf hiro sivirsosto nk`rihtnukoi+ Xpfiroi eiknflr roproznkti prlhosiroi ihostlr

    rozuftito ifo nk`rihtnuknn hu shlpuf ao i fo ishukao lrndnkoi nfodifi+ Ihost prlhos iro l

    nmplrtikti hrntnhi& poktru hi l`ori nk`rihtlrufun plsnenfntitoi ao i so euhuri ao prlausofo

    nk`rihtnuknn `iri i fo aozvifun prlvoknokti+

    Pikzirnfo nfodifo ao irmo& hlktrieikai& sn ihtnvntitnfo hrnmon lrdiknzito& nkhfusnv& ao

    oxompfu& tri`nhuf ao arldurn sn rotofofo ao prlstntutno& plt dokori sumo urniso+ Aofipnairoi& nksnaor

    triankd& mnti sn shcomofo ao `riuai po hlmputor plt ao isomokoi prlauho mirn prl`nturn sn hroi

    `ihnfntitn nk hooi ho prnvosto fodntnmiroi histndurnflr murairo letnkuto prnk spifiroi eiknflr+

    Itukhn hika l ihtnvntito nk`rihtnlkifi dokoroizi prl`nturn suestiktnifo& nkanvnauf siu

    drupuf nmpfnhit troeuno si disoishi l hifo ao i hlktrlfi `lkaurnfo `iri i itrido itoktni isupri

    ihtnvntitnn ank hiro prlvnk siu isupri porslikoflr nmpfnhito+ Nk`rihtlrnn troeuno si aodcnzozosursofo& si fo shcnmeo `lrmi& siu si anrohtnlkozo `lkaurnfo hitro uk flh ukao osto min putnk

    plsnenf hi ihostoi si itridi itoktni+

    Ienfntitoi ao i spifi rozuftitofo ihtnvntitnn hrnmnkifo prnk snstomuf `nkikhnir osto vntifi

    poktru suhhosuf ihtnvntitnflr nk`rihtnlkifo+ Hon nmpfnhitn nk ist`of ao ihtnvntitn iu kovlno si

    oxpflitozo `ihnfntitnfo l`ornto ao sohtlruf `nkikhnir mlkanif aihi vlr si eoko`nhnozo ao

    rozuftitofo ihtnvntitnflr flr+

    Nktodriroi hroshuti i snstomoflr `nkikhniro mlkanifo sn nkaopirtiroi eirnoroflr puso nk

    `iti mnshirnn fneoro i hipntifufun iu hroshut usurnkti hu hiro eiknn kodrn plt `n spifitn sn

    hlmpfnhi prlhosuf ao urmirnro i eiknflr+ _ftnmofo tokankto iu ovnaoktnit `iptuf hi spifitlrnn ao

    eikn nsn anrohtnlkoizi ank ho nk min muft o`lrturnfo poktru ikdijiroi uklr nktormoanirn klk-

    eikhirn sn klk-`nkikhnirn+ Ist`of& fupti nmpltrnvi spifirnn eiknflr nsn nkvostosto nkhroaoroi nkhlkstnoktnziroi ukon dimo firdn ao porsliko jurnanho hiro ku sukt kumin hofo ank sohtlruf

    eikhir siu nkikhnir+

    Osto klrmif hi spifitlrnn ao eikn si nkhorho si nsn muto `lkaurnfo sn lporitnuknfo ank tirn

    hu fodnsfitno hlmpfoti nk hoktro l` sclro sn nk tirn hu ohlklmno nkhnpnokti+ Ohlklmnnfo

    nkhnpnokto ku kumin hi ku iu ao flh siu iu l fodnsfitno min sfie aozvlftiti nk prnvnkti

    hlmeitornn spifirnn eiknflr nk ikumnto sohtliro& hum ir `n viflrnfo mlenfniro siu isndurirnfo&

    pormntika pfisiroi rofitnv `ihnfi i `lkaurnflr murairo& air iu nk mla lenskunt rito nkifto aohrostoro ohlklmnhi ao hiro spifitlrnn ao eikn plt prl`nti+ Min muft& ihosto ohlklmnn `ih mirno`lrturn si itridi nkvostntnn strinko& nir spifitlrnn ao eikn plt letnko prl`nfuf rospohtienf if

    nkvostntlrnflr nktorkitnlkifn sn hcnir plt eoko`nhni ao `ihnfntitn ohlklmnho+

    Isnduriroi nktodrntitnn pnoton

    @lflsnroi snstomoflr `nkikhnir eikhiro nk shlpuf spifirnn eiknflr hlkauho fi suemnkiroinkstntutnnflr `nkikhniro nkanvnauifo sn nk hofo ank urmi i nktrodufun snstom `nkikhnir+

    I`ihorn nktorko

    Aihi ku osto hlktrlfit& prlhosuf ao spifiro i eiknflr plito suemnki o`lrturnfo aopuso poktruoxnstokti uklr pnoto fneoro sn hlmpotntnvo& sn i`ohtoizi aozvlftiroi ukon ohlklmnn sikitliso+

    Ohlklmnnfo hu hoktro `nkikhniro nk hrostoro siu nk aozvlftiro& air hu snstomo ao hlktrlf

    koiaohvito sukt& nk mla spohnif& min vufkorienfo aohit hoktrofo `nkikhniro stienfo ifo tirnflr

    hiro nmpfomoktoizi plfntnhn o`nhnokto ao hlmeitoro i spifirnn eiknflr+

    An`oroktofo anktro snstomofo kitnlkifo ao hlmeitoro i spifirnn eiknflr vlr `n oxpflitito

    ao hitro nk`rihtlrn& hiro tnka si nsn muto rotofofo hitro tirn sn snstomo `nkikhniro hu hlktrimisurn

    sfieo siu nko`nhnokto+

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    Wo fikdi nktodrntitoi i`ohtiti i nkstntutnon `nkikhniro nkanvnauifo& oxnsti sn o`ohtuf iavors

    isupri nkvostntnnflr strinko anrohto itukhn hika sohtlirofo `nkikhniro sn hlmorhnifo ifo ukon tirn

    sukt porhoputo hi `nnka hlktrlfito sn nk`fuoktito ao hitro hrnmnkifntitoi lrdiknziti+

    Xpifiroi eiknflr roproznkti uk `ihtlr mijlr ao hlktimnkiro i nktrodnn ohlklmnn: ihost

    `oklmok plito orlai nktodrntitoi nkstntutnnflr `nkikhniro ifo ukon tirn prnk nk`fuoktiroi horornn ao

    kumorir& knvofufun riton aleikznn sn riton ao shcnme vifutir sn& nk ihofisn tnmp& plito dokori nk`fitno+Wrnk prlhoaoofo flr nfnhnto& nk`rihtlrnn plt nkvostn nk sohtliro ifo ohlklmnon ukao

    ihtnvofo plt `n utnfnzito uftornlr hi misnkn ao spifiro i eiknflr+ Nk pfus& nktr-l ohlklmno nk hiro

    tocklfldni iviksiti sn dfleifnziroi pormnt triks`oruf ripna ao `lkaurn& fnpsi ao hlktrlf isupri

    spifirnn ao sumo mirn ao eikn plito suemnki stienfntitoi `nkikhniri+ Min muft& nktr-l tiri hu l

    sntuitno `nkikhniri prohiri& shlitoroi i mnfnliko sn hcnir mnfnirao ao alfirn ikuif ank prlhosuf

    klrmif ao hrostoro ohlklmnhi roproznkti uk roif pornhlf+

    Xpifiroi eiknflr lrnoktoizi eiknn ank ohlklmni nfodifi sn nn pfisoizi& prnk nkvostntnn& nk

    ohlklmni fodifi& eizikau-so po hipihntitoi sn por`lrmikti snstomufun `nkikhnir ao i triks`ori

    hipntif sn ihtnvo nk hiktntitn mirn sn nk tnmp shurt+

    UoputitniXtritodnnfo ao spifiro i eiknflr nkhfua trikzihtnn hiro& prnk vlfum& sukt `lirto prl`n-

    tienfo& sn aohn itrihtnvo poktru nkstntutnnfo `nkikhniro fodifo siu ifto porsliko jurnanho `lflsnto hi

    nktormoanirn ao hitro porslikofo `nznho hiro alrosh si triks`lrmo `lkaurnfo murairo nk

    `lkaurn hurito+Ohlklmnnfo nk hurs ao aozvlftiro troeuno si so prltojozo nmpltrnvi spifirnn eiknflr itit

    ank nktornlr& hit sn ank oxtornlr+ Fupti nktorki nmpltrnvi spifirnn eiknflr nksoimki fupti nmpl-

    trnvi hlruptnon& i prnvitnzirnn `riuaufliso& i `riuaon eikhiro sn i oviznuknn `nshifo+ Hlmeitoroi

    pfisimoktufun `lkaurnflr spifito fi knvof nktorkitnlkif ijuti fi prltojiroi i`ihornflr nktorko sn i

    hotitoknflr nmpltrnvi hlkhurokton koflnifo i spifitlrnflr ao eikn sn i lrdiknzitnnflr ao `nkiktiro

    i torlrnsmufun+ Qirnfo nk hurs ao aozvlftiro troeuno& ao isomokoi& si ovnto si `no pfisito po fnsti

    [email protected] i jurnsanhtnnnflr kohllporikto sn si `no supuso sikhtnuknflr ohlklmnho sn plfntnho+Xuhhosuf sn stienfntitoi po tormok fukd i lrnhiron nkstntutnn `nkikhniro aopnkao ao

    itridoroi sn pistriroi `lkaurnflr histndito nk mla fodntnm+

    Eiknn histnditn nk mla `riuaufls iu& nkvirnienf& l kituri trikzntlrno+ On strnhi roputitni

    sn aoshurijoizi po nkvostntlruf hnkstnt+ Nkstntutni `nkikhniri hiro so nmpfnhi nktr-uk shikaif aospifiro i eiknflr vi rnshi ihuziroi nk nkstikti sn pnoraoroi eukon roputitnn po pniti+

    Uoputitni prnvnka nktodrntitoi osto uki ank viflrnfo hofo min nmplrtikto ifo ukon

    nkstntutnn `nkikhniro+ Isi hum s-i suefnknit ao hitro [email protected]& aihi `lkaurnfo prlvoknto ank

    nk`rihtnukn plt `n uslr prlhosito nk hiaruf ukon nkstntutnn ank sohtlruf prnvit `no ank hiuzi hiikdijitnn sin siu anrohtlrnn iu prnmnt mnti siu ank hiuzi hi nkstntutni nkhcnao lhcnn nk `itikiturnn nfnhnto i uklr ist`of ao `lkaurn nkstntutni plito `n nmpfnhiti nktr-l hlmpfnhntito ihtnvi

    hu nk`rihtlrnn sn plito `n pirto nk prlprni si rotoi hrnmnkifi: ovnaokti ukon ist`of ao hlmpfnhntitnvi ivoi o`ohto aiukitliro isupri itntuanknn nktormoanirnflr `nkikhnirn sn i iutlrntitnflr ao

    rodfomoktiro& air sn isupri hfnoktnflr flr lenskuntn+

    Ank pukhtuf ao voaoro if uklr ovoktuifo hlksohnkto koditnvo fi knvof mihrlohlklmnh

    aitlrito ukun `oklmok ao spifiro i eiknflr kohlktrlfit& @lkauf Mlkotir Nktorkitnlkif i hntit

    shcnmeirn nkoxpfnhienfo i horornn ao misi mlkotiri& rnshurn pruaoktnifo `iti ao stienfntitoi

    snstomufun eikhir& o`ohto ao hlktimnkiro `iti ao trikzihtnnfo `nkikhniro fodifo sn hrostoroi

    [email protected] osto uk lrdiknsm muftn-anshnpfnkir hiro auho l plfntnhihlmuki ao almnkitno i fodnn sn ao nmpfomoktiro fodnsfitnvi

    sn nkikhniri ao hitrooxportnn stitoflr momero+ Drupufmlkntlrnzoizi prldrosuf nk nmpfomoktiroi misurnflr ao hlmeitoro ispifirnn eiknflr2 roovifuoizi sn riplrtoizi ovlfutnnfo& tocknhnfo sn hlktri-misurnfo prnvnka spifiroi eiknflr2 prlmlvoizi

    ialptiroi sn nmpfomoktiroi stikairaoflr [email protected] hlmeitoroi spifirnneiknflr+

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    vlfitnfntitnn `fuxurnflr nktorkitnlkifo ao hipntif sn i riton ao shcnme vifutir aitlriti koik-

    tnhnpirnn roifnzirnn triks`orurnflr ao eukurn posto driknti+

    Oxpornokti ihumufiti ao rotofofo hrnmon lrdiknzito osto roautienfi+ Nk hlksohnkti& so

    nmpuko hlfielriroi striksi i lrdikoflr sn lrdiknsmoflr ienfntito si fupto nmpltrnvi ihostlri&

    poktru provoknroi dokorifnzirnn `oklmokufun ao spifiro i eiknflr+ Nk hiz hlktrir& oxnsti rnshuf&

    aoflh kodfnjienf& hi eiknn spifitn si aovnki mltlruf ohlklmnon sn si-sn nmpuki prlprnnforodufn& hooi ho nksoimki ao `ipt suemnkiroi siu hcnir aos`nnktiroi iutlrntitnn stitifo sn alm-kni irentrirufun ao tnp mi`nlt+

    1+ P_FKOUIENFNQIQOI XOHQLU_F_N OHLKLMNH

    @II AO XWFIUOI EIKNFLU

    Xursi:

    @lkauf Mlkotir Nktorkitnlkif: Nmpfnhitnnfo

    mihrloklmnho ifo spifirnn eiknflr - 9>>0Wrlnoht WCIUO UL>>-NE,JC-75 Mikuif ao

    nkstrunroprnvnkahlmeitoroispifirnn eiknflr5775

    Wrlnoht WCIUO UL75-NE,JC-73 Dcnauf ao

    Qrikzihtnn Xuspohto Oantni Uovnzunti& Xop-

    tomerno 5771

    Ku oxnsti fntorituri ao spohnifntito nk fodituri hu o`ohtofo mihrlohlklmnho ifo spifirnn

    eiknflr nk snko+ Qltusn& hitovi stuann ompnrnho nmprouki hu enkohuklshutuf rlf koditnv if

    spifirnn eiknflr prnk ihtnvntitn nk`rihtnlkifo sn nfodifo sudoroizi fodituri striksi i anshutnnflr

    ihostlr o`ohto nk stuannfo ansplknenfo isupri nk`rihtnlkifntitnn sn ohlklmnon suetoriko+ Qltusn&ivika nk voaoro ihosto stuann& anshutni osto fnmntiti sn nktr-l lirohiro misuri spohufitnvi+

    Hitovi stuann nktrlauh ihtnvntitoi suetoriki siu nfodifi nk mlaofo mihrlohlklmnho snmpfo+

    Clustlk #9>>7. aozvlfti uk mlaof mihrl tolrotnh if hnrhuntufun i`ihornflr sn if foditurnn plfntnhnflr

    `nshifo sn mlkotiro hu ohlklmni suetoriki+ Nkvostnditni fun isupri hrostornn ohlklmnon suetoriko hlk-

    hfuznlkoizi hi o`ohtofo ihostoni troeuno ivuto nk voaoro nk ofielriroi plfntnhnflr `nshifo sn ao rodfo-

    moktiro+ Min dokorif& Clustlk lesorvi hi hlktrlfuf isupri mison mlkotiro sn isupri vnntliroflr

    shcnmeirn ifo knvofufun proturnflr sn riton aleikznflr plito `n nkdroukit ao prozokti ukon ohlklmnn

    suetoriko ao hiro ku so tnko soimi+ Hlkhfuzni fun osto hi prozokti ukun kumir somkn`nhitnv ao trik-

    zihtnn ishukso plito hlkauho fi supriovifuiroi o`ohtoflr nk`fitnlknsto in stnmufoktnflr `nshifn sn mlko-

    tirn+ Ao oxompfu& aoplzntofo ao vifuiti nk hrostoro& hlksnaorito hi prlvoknka ank spifiroi eiknflr& iu hi

    rozuftit l hrostoro fnmntiti i mison mlkotiro nktorko+ Clustlk& ao isomokoi& hlksnaori hrostoroi hrnmn-kifntitnn hi l plsnenfi hlktrneutno fi `oklmokuf aostid fitnoao fi s irsntuf iknflr 47& nkhoputuf iknflr 37+

    Qomi hlmuki i stuannflr oxnstokto osto hi& aihi hrnmnkifntitoi& ihtnvntitoi suetoriki sn

    spifiroi eiknflr hiro fo osto islhniti iu flh po l shiri su`nhnokt ao miro& itukhn hon hiro

    ofielroizi plfntnhn mihrlohlklmnho troeuno si fo ni nk hlksnaoriro+ Nk hizuf nk hiro ku s-ir

    nktimpfi isi& rozuftituf ir `n l nkhlrohti anidklstnhiro sn l plfntnhi ohlklmnhi ao`ohtulisi+ Ao

    oxompfu& fi knvof nktorkitnlkif s-i ijuks fi hlkhfuzni hlmuki hi ovlfutni snstomoflr mlkotiro

    i aovoknt fi s`irsntuf iknflr 37 sn nkhoputuf iknflr >7 min an`nhnf ao nktorprotit+ Ihoisti so

    aitlroizi& nk prnkhnpif& aozvlftirnn ripnao i tocklfldnon `nkikhniro sn i struhturnflr ohlklmnho

    islhnito plfntnhnflr ao aorodufirnziro sn prnvitnziro ank mufto tirn+ Qltusn& aozvlftiroi dokorifi

    i `oklmokufun ao spifiro i eiknflr nk ihooisn pornlai plito si `n hlktrneunt& ao isomokoi& fi

    hrostoroi vlfitnfntitnn tltifo& isi hum so sudoroizi nk fntorituri+ Qroeuno ivuto nk voaorovlfumuf miro if ihtnvntitnflr nk`rihtnlkifo sn aos`isuriroi flr nk tnmp+ Ihtnvntitn nkanvnauifo

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    korodfomoktito sn ao miro impfliro plt sorvn fi nkauhoroi ao orlrn nk eizofo ao aito

    ohlklmnho sn plt prlauho hlmpfnhitnn nk ofielriroi plfntnhnflr+ Nk pfus& uk ispoht hcono if

    nktofodornn hlmplrtimoktufun mlkotir osto ienfntitoi ao i naoktn`nhi& ank pukht ao voaoro

    stitnstnh& tiri sn vifuti ao prlvoknokti sn roznaokti aotnkitlrufun aoplzntufun+ Ihost fuhru ir

    putoi ivoi hlksohnkto isupri vlfitnfntitnn ritoflr ao shcnme sn ifo aleikznflr& nk spohnif nk

    ohlklmnnfo fodito ao alfir& piki ihlfl nkhit ir aotormnki l shcnmeiro nk hororoi ipirokti aoeikn anktro l ohlklmno sn ifti& aitlrnti spifirnn ao eikn triks`rlktifnoro& poktru hi urmirnroi

    `lkaurnflr mlkotiro aovnko min kosnduri+

    O`ohtofo spifirnn eiknflr isupri anstrneutnon voknturnflr ku sukt anshutito nk fntorituri& air

    ku plt `n ndklrito+ Hrostoroi ohlklmnhi vi ivoi ao su`ornt piki ihlfl nkhit ihtnvntitnfo nk`rih-

    tnlkifo suetoriko roanrohtnlkoizi voknturnfo ao fi hon hiro prlauh mirn ohlklmnn fi hon hiro

    roifnzoizi putnko ohlklmnn siu ao fi nkvostntnn nmplrtikto fi nkvostntnn ao rnsh sn ao sfiei hifntito+

    Ao oxompfu& osto huklshut hi nk Xtitofo _knto oviznukoi `nshifi osto nk mla spohnif hlkhoktriti

    po voknturnfo aornvito ank hipntifuf ao miro rnsh air hiro iauho prl`nturn min mirn+ @riuai& aofi-

    pnairoi sn tri`nhuf ao nk`fuokti pir i `n `rohvokt lrnoktito nkspro i`ihorn sn pnoto hu riti miro ao

    hrostoro sn dria rnanhit ao prl`ntienfntito& poktru hi inhn sukt eiknn+ Nk mla snmnfir& nk`rihtnuknfo

    hlktri porslikon& hum ir `n `urturnfo sn ripnrnfo ao porsliko pir i-sn disn tnkti nk porsliko mineldito& sn aohn min putnk anspuso fi ohlklmnn+ Wo ao ifti pirto& uk nmplrtikt tri`nhikt ao arldurn

    plito `n min nkhfnkit spro ohlklmnn aohit uk hlksumitlr ao arldurn& ist`of nkhit ku tlito o`ohtofo

    anstrneutnvo iu uk nmpiht koditnv isupri ohlklmnnflr sn prnk oxtoksno& isupri hrostornn

    ohlklmnho+ Oxnsti ao isomokoi uk nmpiht anstrneutnv if spifirnn eiknflr hiro `ihnfntoizi

    oviznukoi `nshifi+ Hlsturnfo ohlklmnho sukt hlmpuso nk ihost hiz poktru hi mufto tirn so eizozi

    po mnjfliho hi vokntuf aohfirit poktru l`orn ihhosuf fi l soimi ao `ihnfntitn duvorkimoktifo

    #Qikzn sn Xclmo 9>>8.+

    Oxnsti o`ohto mihrlohlklmnho nkanrohto ifo spifirnn eiknflr: trikzihtnnfo nfodifo plt ivoi

    o`ohto iavorso isupri trikzihtnnflr fodifo& hlktimnkikau-fo+ Ao oxompfu& ikumnto trikzihtnn fodifo

    ifo uklr strinkn hu oktntitn rusostn iu `lst riplrtito hi min putnk `ornhnto aitlrnti islhnornn flr hu

    spifiroi eiknflr+ Min dokorif& orlairoi nkhroaornn nk pniti sn nk rlfuf ao somkif ao o`nhnokti ifprl`nturnflr iro flh itukhn hika oxnsti hlruptno nktorki dokorifnziti& `riuai sn aofipnairo+ Eiknn hiro

    sukt spifitn poktru ifto mltnvo aohit oviznukoi `nshifi roproznkti voknturn hiro fi rikauf flr tnka si

    lhlfoishi nmpukoroi `nshifi& hlktrneunka fi hroiroi ao anstlrsnukn ohlklmnho+ Oxnsti sn

    hlktimnkiroi rozuftiti ank korospohtiroi fodnn& poktru hi itukhn hika l pirto i fodnn osto nkhifhiti&

    ifto korodufn `nkikhniro pir min uslr ao nkaopfnknt+

    Anshutni ao min sus so ro`ori fi spifiroi `fuxurnflr ao eikn+ Hiktntitnfo ao eukurn spifito

    pir i `n nksi min nmplrtikto aohit hn`rofo ikuifo ro`orntliro fi spifiroi `fuxurnflr ao eikn+ Hi

    urmiro& pltoktnifuf flr aostienfnzitlr sn mnshirnfo ohlklmnho nko`nhnokto& `no ofo nktorko siu oxtorko&

    hrosh+ Xumofo ihumufito aupi spifiroi eiknflr plt `n `lflsnto po pnoto porn`ornho siu hcnir nk mnhnfoohlklmnn piki ihlfl ukao rimik hlktrlfito ao hitro nktorosofo uklr lrdiknzitnn hrnmnkifo ao mirn

    anmoksnukn+ Hu rofitnn nk hrnmnkifntitoi lrdiknziti& oxnsti min mufto plsnenfntitn poktru i profuihlktrlfuf ihtnvntitnn ohlklmnho prnk hlruptno sn nk`fuokti nktorki+

    Nk mla triantnlkif& o`lrturnfo ao hlmeitoro i spifirnn eiknflr so hlkhoktroizi nk miro

    misuri po prlhoaurnfo ao iamnknstriro i aoplzntoflr ao hitro nkstntutnnfo `nkikhniro& ao vromo

    ho spifiroi eiknflr prnk ihoisti motlai osto uslr ao aopnstit+ Nk`rihtlrnn iu rispuks ripna

    ihtnuknflr nktroprnkso rohokt ao sohtlruf `nkikhnir nktofodika `iptuf hi pfitnfo nk kumorir

    o`ohtuito nk sohtlruf `nkikhnir plr rnanhi nktroeirn uftornliro+ Nk hlksohnkti& kln motlao iu `lst

    hiutito poktru i triks`lrmi eiknn prlvokntn ank ihtnvntitn nk`rihtnlkifo sn i-n imostohi hu

    `lkaurn fodntnmo nkinkto ao i-n nktrlauho nk snstomuf `nkikhnir& `ihika aopnstiroi nk otipi

    pfisimoktufun min an`nhnfi+ Nk uftnmuf tnmp& uk kumir hroshut ao hizurn ao spifiro ao eikn niu

    `lrmo ank ho nk ho min sl`nstnhito& hiro ku nmpfnhi kumoriruf+

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    Eikhnfo& nk hifntitoi flr ao `urknzlrn in ukon dimo firdn ao sorvnhnn ao triks`or ao `lkaurn sn

    ao hroantiro& plt `n utnfnzito nk tlito otipofo spifirnn eiknflr ao fi pfisiro& fi stritn`nhiro sn nktodriro+

    Xnstomofo ofohtrlknho ao triks`or if `lkaurnflr pormnt triks`oruf ripna if ihostlri nktro hlkturn sue

    kumo sn jurnsanhtnn an`ornto+ Lporitnuknfo muftnpfo sn anvorsn`nhito nk hlkturn sukt `lflsnto ao mufto

    lrn hi pirto i prlhosufun ao spifiro i eiknflr hroika striturn hlmpfoxo ao trikzihtnn+

    Nk ihost hlktoxt& lrdiknzitnn nk`rihtnlkifo sl`nstnhito sn spifitlrn ao eikn prl`osnlknstnalrosh si `lflsoishi sorvnhnnfo eikhiro poktru i so `lflsn ao `lkaurnfo flr murairo+ Wrnk

    nktormoanuf idoktnnflr hlmpiknnflr sn pirtnhufirnflr& ihosto lrdiknzitnn lporoizi ihtnvntitn

    hlmorhnifo nktorkitnlkifo `ifso poktru i anrnji eiknn letnkutn nffodif anktr-l tiri nk ifti `lflsnka

    `ihturn `ifsn nhito poktri i dokori triks`orurn nktorkitnlkifo nk ipirokti fodifo& prohum sn

    lporitnukn `nhtnvo poktru i-sn ishukao urmofo+ Mufto anktro hlmpiknnfo shlnhi plt si ipofozo fi

    prlprnnfo eikhn poktru i letnko nmprumuturn sn i `nkikti ist`of ao ihtnvntitn+

    Air eikhnfo ku roproznkti snkdurofo mohiknsmo sn nkstrumokto prnk nktormoanuf hirlri so

    plt spifi eiknn+ Nk prnmuf rika& kumorlsn nktormoanirn `nkikhnirn `urknzoizi sorvnhnn hiro sukt

    snmnfiro hu hofo triantnlkifo l`ornto ao eikhn+ Min muft aohit itit& nk voaoroi lhlfnrnn misurnflr ao

    hlmeitoro i spifirnn eiknflr& ihosto porsliko& alrnka si spofo voknturnfo nfnhnto& nsn hlkhortoizi

    o`lrturnfo spro oxpflitiroi sohtlrufun klk-eikhir& utnfnzika ifto nkstntutnn `nkikhniro #hum ir `n`lkaurn ao nkvostntnn& slhnotitn ao sorvnhnn ao nkvostntnn `nkikhniro& hlmpiknn ao isndurirn& hiso ao

    shcnme.& prohum sn nkstntutnn klk-`nkikhniro #hiznklurn& idoktnn ao viflrn nmlenfniro.+ Aoliroho&ao lenhon& spifitlrnn ku-sn plt isnduri l oxportnzi prl`osnlkifi spohnifnziti& on troeuno si

    eoko`nhnozo ao hlksuftikti jurnstnflr& hlktienfnflr& hlksuftiktnflr `nkikhnirn sn i iftlr spohnifnstn+

    _k snstom oxciustnv ao hlmeitoro i spifirnn eiknflr so eizoizi po hlkstnoktnziroi ukon

    virnotitn ao nktormoanirn `nkikhnirn sn klk-`nkikhnirn& prohum sn i idoktnflr ohlklmnhn hiro

    troeuno si hllporozo& nk mla rosplksienf& hu iutlrntitnfo sn si rispukai nk mla ihtnv nmpltrnvi

    pornhlfufun ao i `n nmpfnhitn nk ihost `oklmok+

    Drupuf ao Ihtnuko @nkikhniri Nktorkitnlkifi i ofielrit Hofo 17 ao [email protected]& hiro roproznkti uk dcna huprnkzitlr nk voaoroi hlmeitornn spifirnn eiknflr+ X`ori ao

    ihlpornro nkhfuao snstomuf juanhnir sn nmpfomoktiroi fodnn& snstomuf `nkikhnir sn rodfomoktirnfo

    sifo& prohum sn hllporiroi nktorkitnlkifi+

    Uohlmikairnfo 97 sn 99 nmpuk& nk mla spohnif& l lefnditno nkstntutnnflr `nkikhniro ao i-sn

    naoktn`nhi hfnoktnn+ Nk ihost hlktoxt& naoktn`nhiroi prlprnufun hfnokt roproznkti:

    Naoktn`nhiroi hfnoktufun anroht huklistoroi porslikon `nznho siu i porslikon jurnanho2Naoktn`nhiroi eoko`nhnirufun sn hlktrlfuf huklistoroi prlprnotirnflr `nkifn siu i

    porslikon hiro hlktrlfoizi anroht hfnoktuf& prohum sn i porslikon nk kumofo hironi osto

    o`ohtuiti trikzihtni2Porn`nhiroi naoktntitnn hfnoktufun sn i eoko`nhnirufun hlrlelriti hu nk`lrmitni `urknziti

    iktornlr2

    Misurnfo isnduritlrnn sn mlkntlrnziroi

    o`ohtuiroi uklr vorn`nhirn pormikokto prnvnka

    `nohiro trikzihtno sn hlktuf prnk nktormoanuf rofitnon ao i`ihorn+

    Qltusn& nk ukofo hizurn& sn prlhoaurnfo iaohvito ao naoktn nhiro plt prozokti ukofo prlefomo+

    Hoi min soksnenfi prlefomi osto roprozoktiti ao hfnoktnn lhiznlkifn2 trikzihtnnfo

    ofohtrlknho sn ifto hizurn nk hiro naoktn`nhiroi `iti-nk-`iti ku s-i roifnzit2 oxnstokti rodfomok-

    tirnflr ao aropt hlmorhnif sn hiro prnvosh slhnotitnfo hlmorhnifo ho pormnt hroiroi uklr `lrmo

    ao hlmpiknn nk hiro osto plsnenf iklknmituf ihtnlkirnitufun siu nk hiro osto an`nhnfi aopnstiroi

    iaoviriton naoktntitn i eoko`nhnirnflr2 oxnsti rnshuf ao utnfnziro nmprlprno i uklr mnjfliho ao

    `lflsnro i slhnotitnflr sn i tntfurnflr fi purtitlr+

    Nk prozokt& o`lrturnfo [email protected] urmirosh& nk mla spohnif& ofielriroi sn an`uziroi uklr

    prnkhnpnn hipienfo ao i fnmnti rnshurnfo isupri mnjflihoflr ao `lflsnro i slhnotitnflr+

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    Hllporiroi nktorkinlkifnkstntunlkifpoktru hlmeitoroi spfrnneiknflr

    n i `nkikrnn torlrnsmufun

    Xursi:Wrlnoht WCIUO UL>>-NE,JC-75 Mikuif ao

    nkstrunroprnvnka hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr5775

    Eikhi Mlkanifi Dcnauf ao ro`ornkti prnvnka

    hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr sn i `nkiktirnn

    torlrnsmufun 5771

    [email protected] Toe Xnto Alhumokto

    Drupuf ao Ihnuko @nkikhnir Nktorkinlkif [email protected]+N+

    Drupuf ao Ihnuko @nkikhnir Nktorkinlkif poktru hlmeitoroi spfrnn eiknflr

    Drupuf ao Ihtnuko @nkikhniri Nktorkitnlkifi poktru hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr

    #[email protected] osto uk lrdiknsm nktorduvorkimoktif if hirun shlp osto si aozvlfto sn si prlmlvozo

    uk rispuks fi knvof nktorkitnlkif poktru hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr+ Nk Lhtlmerno 5779& [email protected]

    sn-i oxtnks mnsnukoi sn isupri hlmeitornn `nkiktirnn torlrnsmufun+

    [email protected] osto l lrdiknzitno ao nkntnitnvi& hiro drupoizi oxportn ank almoknnfo jurnanh&

    `nkikhnir sn ao ipfnhiro i fodnn poktru i ofielri ro`lrmo nk almoknuf fodnsfitnon sn rodfo-

    moktirnflr kitnlkifo prnvnka hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr sn i `nkiktirnn torlrnsmufun+ Nk prozokt

    osto hlkstntunt ank 5> ao tirn sn torntlrnn sn ank alui lrdiknzitnn rodnlkifo+ Nk pfus& [email protected] hlkfu-hroizi hu uk kumir ao lrdiknsmo sn lrdiknzitnn nktorkitnlkifo+ Ihosto oktntitn iu uk stitut ao

    lesorvitlr nk [email protected] hiro ku fo l`ori aroptuf ao i vlti& air fo pormnkto pirtnhnpiroi aopfnki nk

    sosnuknfo pfokiro sn drupurnfo ao fuhru+

    Hi rispuks fi nkdrnjlriroi hroshikai hu prnvnro fi spifiroi eiknflr& i `lst nk`nnktit

    [email protected] ao hitro Xummntuf D4 tnkut fi Wirns nk 9>3>+

    @lrton ao ihtnuko n-i `lst aiti roplksienfntitoi ao i oximnki lrnoktirnfo sn tocknhnfo ao

    spifiro i eiknflr& ao i rovoaoi ihtnuknfo hiro iu `lst aoji nktroprnkso fi knvof kitnlkif siu

    nktorkitnlkif sn ao i ofielri misurnfo nkhi kohosiro poktru i hlmeito spifiroi eiknflr+ Nk iprnfno

    9>>7& fi min putnk ao uk ik ao fi hroiroi si& [email protected] i omns uk riplrt hlktnkika uk sot ao 17 ao

    rohlmikairn hiro l`ori uk pfik ao ihtnuko hlmpfot& kohosir poktru hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr+

    Nktro 9>>9 sn 9>>5 [email protected] sn-i oxtnks kumiruf ao momern ao fi 90 fi 53+ Ao itukhn&

    drupuf i hlktnkuit si oximnkozo motlaofo `lflsnto poktru spifiroi prlausoflr nk`rihtnuknflr sn

    i o`ohtuit alui soturn ao ovifuirn mutuifo ifo tirnflr sn jurnsanhtnnflr sifo momero+ Ao

    isomokoi i nmeukititnt hofo 17 ao Uohlmikairn poktru i ro`fohti shcnmeirnfo hiro iu ipirut

    nk spifiroi eiknflr sn i nmpufsnlkit ifto tirn ao po dfle si ialpto misurn poktru hlmeitoroi

    spifirnn eiknflr+ Nk 5779 aozvlftiroi stikairaoflr ao hlmeitoro i `nkiktirnn torlsrnsmufun i

    `lst iaiuditi mnsnuknn [email protected]+

    [email protected] iro tron `ukhtnn ao eizi hu prnvnro fi spifiroi eiknflr:

    9+ mlkntlrnziroi prldrosufun momernflr nk nmpfomoktiroi misurnflr ao hlmeitoro ispifirnn eiknflr2

    5+ rovoaoroi sn riplrtiroi lrnoktirnflr& tocknhnflr sn hlktrimisurnflr nk spifiroi eiknflr2

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    8+ prlmlviroi ialptirnn sn nmpfomoktirnn fi knvof dfleif i stikairaoflr [email protected] poktru

    hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr+

    Hofo 17 ao Uohlmikairn hu prnvnro fi spfiroi eiknflr

    [email protected] i ialptit uk sot ao 17 ao Uohlmikairn& Hofo 17 ao Uohlmikairn& hirohlkstntuno uk hiaru hlmpfot poktru hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr sn sukt moknto ipfnhirnn

    uknvorsifo ao hitro tirnfo fumnn+ Hofo 17 ao Uohlmikairn ao`nkosh prnkhnpnnfo ao ihtnuko2

    pormnt `foxnenfntito ukon tirn nk nmpfomoktiroi prnkhnpnnflr hlk`lrm hornktoflr hlkstntutnlkifo sn

    hnrhumstiktoflr pirtnhufiro ifo `nohiron tirn+ Hu tlito hi ku iu `lrti jurnanhi i fodnn& hofo 17 ao

    Uohlmikairn iu `lst sprnjnknto po fird ao hitro hlmukntitoi nktorkitnlkifi sn ao lrdiknzitnnfo

    rofovikto hi `nnka stikairao nktorkitnlkifo poktru hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr+

    Hofo 17 ao Uohlmikairn sukt ao `ipt lefnditlrnn poktru l tiri hiro alrosto si `no

    porhoputi ao hitro hlmukntitoi nktorkitnlkifi hi `nnka nk hlk`lrmntito stikairaofo+

    [email protected] i ofielrit ao isomokoi anvorso klto ao nktorprotiro hiro sukt moknkto si

    hfirn`nho ipfnhiroi rohlmikairnflr spohn`nho sn si l`oro hllralkiro supfnmoktiri+

    Hofo 3 Uohlmikairn Xpohnifo hu prnvnro fi `nkikiroi torlrnsmufun

    Aupi tridnhofo ovoknmokto hiro iu ivut flh nk X_I fi 99 Xoptomerno 5779& duvorkofo

    fumnn iu ipofit fi uk o`lrt nmoanit sn hllralkit poktru i aotohti sn provokn ieuzuf roifnzit ao

    hitro torlrnstn hu prnvnro fi snstomuf `nkikhnir nktorkitnlkif+ Fi l nktifknro pfokiri oxtrilrankiritnkuti fi Tiscnkdtlk AH hu prnvnro fi `nkiktiroi torlrnmufun ank Lhtlmerno 5779& [email protected] sn-i

    oxtnks mnsnukoi ankhlfl ao spifiroi eiknflr& hlkhoktrikau-sn okordni sn oxpornokti isupri ukun

    o`lrt mlkanif ao hlmeitoro i `nkiktirnn [email protected] i ofielrit kln stikairao nktorkitnlkifo poktru hlmeitoroi `nkiktirnn torlrnsmufun

    3 Uohlmikairn Xpohnifo sn i hcomit tlito tirnfo si fo ialpto sn si fo nmpfomoktozo+Nmpfomoktiroi ihostlr rohlmikairn spohnifo vi nktorznho ihhosuf torlrnstnflr sn if sustnkitlrnflr

    flr fi snstomuf `nkikhnir nktorkitnlkif+

    Mlkntlrnziroi prldrosufun momernflr

    Wrnk iutlovifuiro& `nohiro stit momeru l`ori nk`lrmitnn hu prnvnro fi nmpfomoktiroi

    hoflr 17 ao Uohlmikairn sn i hoflr 3 Uohlmikairn Xpohnifo& rispukzika ikuif ukun hcostnlkir

    stikaira+ Nk`lrmitni osto ipln profuhriti sn ikifnziti sn so i`fi fi eizi ovifuirnn driaufun nk

    hiro rohlmikairnfo iu `lst nmpfomoktito itit ao hitro `nohiro tiri& hit sn ao drup hi nktrod+If alnfoi ofomokt if mlkntlrnzirnn nmpfomoktirnn hoflr 17 ao Uohlmikairn osto

    prlhosuf ao ovifuiro mutuifi+ @nohiro stit momeru osto oximnkit po rika ao hitro [email protected] po

    eizi ukon vnznto fi `iti flhufun& hlkausi ao hitro l ohcnpi ao 8-1 oxportn sofohtitn ank

    almoknnfo jurnanh& `nkikhnir sn ao ipfnhiro i fodnn ank ifto stito momero+ Xhlpuf vnznton osto ao i

    ofielri uk riplrt hiro si ovifuozo misuri nk hiro tiri ovifuiti i prldrosit nk nmpfomoktiroi

    ukun snstom o`nhnokt ao hlmeitoro i spifirnn eiknflr sn ao i ovnaoktni sohtlirofo nk hiro

    prldrosuf osto kohosir nk vnntlr+

    Mlkntlrnziroi prldrosufun momernflr nk fodituri hu hornktofo hoflr 17 ao rohlmikairn

    osto `ihnfntiti ao uk prlhos nk alui otipo: iutlovifuiroi sn ovifuirnfo mutuifo+ Nk otipi ao

    iutlovifuiro `nohiro momeru rispukao ukun hcostnlkir stikaira ikuif nk fodituri hu

    nmpfomoktiroi hoflr 17 ao Uohlmikairn+ Nk otipi ao ovifuiro mutuifi `nohiro momeru ostooximnkit sn ovifuit ao oxportn ank ifto stito momero+

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    Nk sntuitni nk hiro uk stit ku alrosto si ni misurnfo pltrnvnto poktru i vokn nk

    hlkhlraikti hu hofo 17 ao Uohlmikairn& [email protected] rohlmikai hi tlito nkstntutnnfo `nkikhniro si

    aoi l itoktno spohnifi rofitnnflr ao i`ihorn sn trikzihtnnflr hu porsliko& slhnotitn sn nkstntutnn

    `nkikhniro anktr-uk ist`of ao stit kohllporikt& sn itukhn hika osto hizuf si riplrtozo trikzihtnnfo

    supohto& ao oxompfu& po ihofoi hiro ku iu uk shlp ohlklmnh ipirokt siu vnznenf fodif+ Nk hofo

    ank urmi aihi uk stit momeru ku nktroprnkao misurn poktru i so hlk`lrmi& hifntitoi aomomeru nk lrdiknzitno plito `n suspokaiti+ Oxnsti tltusn uk prlhos ao ipfnhiro troptiti i

    prosnuknn nkinkto hi ihosto sikhtnukn si nktro nk vndliro+

    Uiplrtiroi lrnoktirnflr sn tocknhnflr nk spifiroi eiknflr

    _ki ank `ukhtnnfo [email protected] osto si rovnzunishi sn si riplrtozo motlaofo& tocknhnfo sn

    lrnoktirnfo nk spifiroi eiknflr #ao isomokoi& huklshuto sn hi tnplfldnn.+

    Qocknhnfo ao Xpifiro i eiknflr sn `nkiktiro i torlrnsmufun sukt oximnkito ikuif fi l

    nktifknro i tnplfldnnflr+ Ihoisti l`ori l eizi ao anshutnn poktru oxportn nk ipfnhiroi fodnn sn

    rodufitlrn ank tirnfo [email protected]& nmprouki hu ifto lrdiko sn lrdiknsmo nktorkitnlkifo sn hu

    roprozoktiktn ank ifto tirn& poktru i anshuti motlaofo hofo min pltrnvnto& klnfo imoknktirn snhofo min o`nhnokto hlktrimisurn hiro iu `lst aozvlftito+

    [email protected] ofielroizi riplirto ikuifo isupri aozvlftirnflr ank almoknuf spifirnn eiknflr

    prnk nktormoanuf riplirtoflr ao tnplfldnn+ Ihosto riplirto sukt `lirto `lflsntliro tirnflrpoktru i so tnko fi hurokt hu klnfo lrnoktirn sn tocknhn nk spifiroi eiknflr sn hu ifto klutitn ank

    ihost sohtlr+

    Fnsti tirnflr sn torntlrnnflr kohllporikto #KHHQ.

    _kuf anktro lenohtnvofo [email protected] osto prlmlviroi ialptirnn stikairaoflr nktorkitnlkifo

    poktru hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr sn `nkiktiroi torlrnsmufun nk tlito tirnfo+ Ist`of& mnsnukoi siso oxtnkao ankhlfl ao drikntofo tirnflr momero& hu tlito hi [email protected] nsn plito sikhtnlki alir

    prlprnnfo stito sn torntlrnn momero+ Isiair poktru i nkhuriji tlito stitofo si ialpto misurn ao

    provoknro& aotohtiro sn urmirnro i spifirnn ao eikn& ianhi ao nmpfomoktiro i hoflr 17 ao Uohl-

    mikairn& [email protected] i ialptit uk prlhos ao naoktn`nhiro i ihoflr jurnsanhtnn hiro sukt lestihlfo nk

    hifoi hllporirnn nktorkitnlkifo nk ihost sohtlr+ Wrlhosuf utnfnzoizi 5? ao hrntornn hiro sukt nk

    hlk`lrmntito hu hofo 17 ao Uohlmikairn poktru i naoktn`nhi is`of ao torntlrnn sn tirn kohll-

    porikto sn i fo pfisi po l fnsti puefnhi+

    L tiri KHHQ osto nkhurijiti si roifnzozo uk prldros ripna poktru romoanoroi

    ao`nhnoktoflr+ Nk sntuitni nk hiro l tiri KHHQ ku nkrodnstroizi uk prldros su`nhnokt plt `n

    nmpuso hlktrimisurn+ Hlktrimisurnfo hlkstiu nk ihtnukn spohn`nho stitoflr momero [email protected]

    nmpltrnvi tirnn klmnkifnzito hi KHHQ+ Xupfnmoktir `iti ao ipfnhiroi ukon itoktnn spohniforofitnnflr ao i`ihorn sn trikzihtnnflr hu ist`of ao tirn& [email protected] plito nmpuko sn ifto hlktrimisurn

    hiro urmoizi si `no ipfnhito driauif& prlplrtnlkif sn nktr-l miknori `foxnenfi+ Ihostoi nkhfua:

    hornkto strnhto poktru naoktn nhiroi hfnoktnflr sn nmeukititnroi hifntitnn spohnifnstnflr&

    nkhfuzika oxportn `nkikhnirn spohnifnzitn po l ikumnti jurnsanhtno& poktru nkstntutnn

    `nkikhniro& poktru naoktn`nhiroi iaoviritufun eoko`nhnir nkinkto hi rofitni ao i`ihorn si

    `no stienfnti hu nkanvnzn siu slhnotitn ank ihosto tirn2

    mohiknsmo ao riplrtiro nmeukititnto poktru trikzihtnnfo `nkikhniro ivika nk voaoro hi

    trikzihtnnfo `nkikhniro hu is`of ao tirn iu uk pltoktnif suspoht min rnanhit2

    nk hlksnaoriroi horornflr poktru iprleiroi stienfnrnn nk stito momero [email protected] i `nfnifoflr

    siu suhursifoflr eikhnflr sn enrlurnflr& tnkika hlkt hi eikhi rospohtnvi prlvnko anktr-ukKHHQ2

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    ivortnziroi sohtliroflr klk`nkikhnir hi trikzihtnnfo hu oktntitn ank KHHQ plt `n rnshikto

    ank pukhtuf ao voaoro if spifirnn eiknflr+

    Nk hofo ank urmi ihosto hlktrimisurn plt nkhfuao tirn momero [email protected] hiro nsn nkhcono

    trikzihtnnfo hu nkstntutnn nkikhniro anktr-l ist`of ao tiri+ Mijlrntitoi tirnflr ih uk o`lrt hlkhortit ao

    i `n shliso ao po fnsti KHHQ poktru hi ihoisti aotormnki sornliso prlefomo i`ihornflr snnkstntutnnflr flr nkikhniro nk hooi ho prnvosto trikzihtnnfo sn roputitni flr nktorkitnlkifi+

    Motlalfldni poktru ovifuiroi hlmeitornn spifirnn eiknflr sn i `nkiktirnn torlrnsmufun

    Nk hursuf ikufun 5775& [email protected]& @MN& Eikhi Mlkanifi sn ifto lrdiknsmo hiro nmpuk

    stikairao nktorkitnlkifo nk hlfielriro hu @XUE-urn iu fuhrit fi l motlalfldno hiro si

    ovifuozo hof 17 ao Uohlmikairn sn Uohlmikairnfo Xpohnifo sn iu ofielrit l motlalfldno ao

    ovifuiro hlmpfoxi+ Fi sosnukoi pfokiri ank lhtlmerno 5775& [email protected] i ialptit ihoisti

    motlalfldno hlmpfoxi sn uknhi nk shlpuf ao i `n `lflsnti nk roifnziroi ovifuirnflr mutuifo+

    Aozvlftiroi ukon motlalfldnn hlmpfoto troeuno si umpfo uk dlf nk prlhoaurnfo aoovifuiro+ Nk prnmuf rika shlpuf osto ao i `ihnfnti l ielrairo min ukn`lrmi nk roifnziroi

    ovifuirnflr eizito po hofo 17 ao Uohlmikairn sn po Uohlmikairnfo Xpohnifo+ Nk if alnfoi rika

    l`ori uk hiaru poktru i nktodri rozuftituf mukhnn an`orntnflr roifnzitlrn ao stikairao nk hooi ho

    prnvosto hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr sn i `nkiktirnn torlrnsmufun2 i oxnstit l nktofodoro sn

    hllporiro nktorkitnlkifi somkn`nhitnvi nk ihoisti prnvnkti nktro roifnzitlrnn ao stikairao+ Nk if

    tronfoi rika& aozvlftiroi ukon motlalfldnn l`ori hiaruf kohosir ihhoptirnn hoflr 17 ao Uohl-

    mikairn sn i Uohlmikairnflr Xpohnifo hi hof ao-if 95-foi stikaira rohuklshut ao hitro @MN sn

    Eikhi Mlkanifi& `nnka utnf nk mukhi flr lporitnlkifi& ihlfl ukao riplirtofo hu prnvnro fi

    stikairao sn hlaurn #ULXH. sukt proditnto+

    Motlalfldni i `lst iprleiti ao hitro tlito pirtnfo rofovikto hiro vlr roifnzi ovifuirn+

    Motlalfldni hlksti nk 957 ao hrntornn hiro ihlpori `nohiro ank hofo 17 ao Uohlmikairn sn

    Uohlmikairn spohnifo+ Iro nk voaoro hiaruf fodif sn nkstntutnlkif hu prnvnro fi hlmeitoroi spifirnn

    eiknflr sn i `nkiktirnn torlrnsmufun anktr-l tiri& nkhfuzika ukntitnfo ao ikifnzi nkikhniri+ Motlalfldni

    nkhfuao ao isomokoi ofomokto rofovikto ank rozlfutnnfo Hlksnfnufun ao Xohurntito LK_ sn ank

    hlkvoktnn nktorkitnlkifo& prohum sn stikairao sn rodufimokto ao suprivodcoro poktru eikhn& isndurirn

    sn sohtlruf viflrnflr mlenfniro+ Ao isomokoi rodfomoktoizi nmpfomoktiroi rodnmufun poktru hlmei-

    toroi spifirnn eiknflr sn nkiktirnn torlrnsmufun nk sohtlruf klk-pruaoktnif+

    Drupuf Odmlkt

    Fupti poktru hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr i `lst l pirto osoktnifi i o`lrtufun dokorif ao

    hlmeitoro i tri`nhufun nfodif hu kirhltnho& if ihtnvntitnn hrnmon lrdiknzito sn min rohokt i`nkiktirnn ihtnvntitnn torlrnsto+ I aovoknt ovnaokt ao-i fukduf iknflr hi eikhnfo sn ifto nkstntutnn

    `nkikhniro sukt l sursi nmplrtikti ao nk`lrmitnn nk fodituri hu spifiroi eiknflr sn ifto

    nk`rihtnukn `nkikhniro hiro sukt nkvostndito ao lrdikofo ao ipfnhiro i fodnn+ Hlkhlmntokt

    duvorkofo fumnn iu nkhoput si rohuklishi o`ohtofo po hiro nk`rihtnuknfo `nkikhniro kohorhotito

    fo iauh snstomoflr flr ohlklmnho sn plfntnho+

    Woktru i rispukao ihoston imoknktirn uk kumir ao idoktnn duvorkimoktifo spohnifnzito iu `lst

    hroito nk vromo ho tirnfo fumnn sn-iu aozvlftit snstomo ao fuhru nk prlefomitnhi spifirnn eiknflr+

    Ihosto oktntitn sukt huklshuto hi _kntitn ao Ikifnzi @nkikhniri #@N_.+ Ofo l`ori idoktnnflr ao

    nmpfomoktiro i fodnn ank fumo uk mnjflh nmplrtikt poktru shcnmeuf ao nk lrmitnn+

    Nk hnuai `iptufun hi @N_ iu `lst hroito nk an`ornto jurnsanhtnn ank fumo& fi nkhoputuf iknflr

    >7 hroiroi flr ori vizuti hi uk `oklmok nzlfit fodit ao kovlnfo spohn`nho ifo ihoflr jurnsanhtnn+Ank 9>>? uk kumir ao @N_ iu nkhoput si fuhrozo nmprouki nktr-l lrdiknzitno ko`lrmifi

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    huklshuti hi Drupuf Odmlkt #kumnt ist`of aupi flhifnziroi prnmon nktifknrn fi Odmlkt-

    Irokeord Wifiho& nk Eruxoffos& fi > nukno 9>>?.+

    Xhlpuf Drupufun Odmlkt osto si l`oro l plsnenfntito ao anshutnn nktro @N_ poktru

    nmeukititnroi sprnjnkufun prldrimoflr flr kitnlkifo ao hlmeitoro i spifirnn eiknflr+

    Drupuf Odmlkt i iprleit urmitliroi ao`nkntno i ukon @N_ ank nukno 5771 rohuklshika

    eoko`nhnnfo aitlrito aozvlftirnn rotofon @N_ nk 9>>? fi Odmlka- Irokeord Wifiho nk Eruxoffos+Huklshut hi Drupuf Odmlkt& ihosto @N_ so nktifkosh& nk mla rodufit& poktru i disn

    mlaifntitn ao i hllpori nk spohnif nk ihofo almoknn ifo shcnmeufun ao nk`lrmitnn& ansomnkirnn

    oxpornokton sn nkstrunro+

    Fi lri ihtuifi oxnsti >1 ao tirn hu @N_ urn rohuklshuto hi lporitnlkifo& iftofoi`fikau-so nk an`ornto otipo ao aozvlftiro+ Qirnfo troeuno si urmozo l prlhoauri `lrmifi

    stienfnti ao hitro Drupuf Odmlkt poktru i `n rohuklshuto hi nkaopfnknka ao`nkntni Odmlkt i

    ukon @N_+ Drupuf Odmlkt hi nktrod so nktifkosto ikuif+ Woktru hi Drupuf Odmlkt ku osto l

    lrdiknzitno `lrmifi& ku anspuko ao uk sohrotirnit pormikokt+ @ukhtnnfo iamnknstritnvo sukt

    nkaopfnknto prnk rltitno+ Nk i`iri plzntnon Odmlkt Xupplrt& Drupurnfo ao Fuhru sn Hlmntotuf

    Odmlkt sukt `lflsnto poktru i hlkauho ihtnvntitnfo hurokto+ @N_-urnfo prnmosh& ikifnzoizi sn

    proznkti nk`lrmitnn nkstntutnnflr `nkikhniro sn iutlrntitnflr hlmpotokto+Hu tlito hi `nohiro @N_ lporoizi sue l hllralkiro an`ornti& hofo min mufto @N_ nk

    fnmnto fodifo plt shcnmei nk`lrmitnn hu @N_ pirtokoro+ Nk pfus& mufto @N_ plt `n ao ijutlr

    l`ornka isnstokti struhturnflr duvorkimoktifo& hooi ho plito `n ao ijutlr nkvostnditlrnflr+ _kuf

    anktro prnkhnpifofo shlpurn ifo Drupufun Odmlkt osto si hroozo l rotoi dfleifi prnk prlml-

    viroi hllporirnn nktorkitnlkifo nktro @N_+

    Aozvlftiroi hlktnkui sn nk`nnktiroi ao _kntitn ao Ikifnzi @nkikhniri aomlkstroizi hum

    tirnfo fumnn hlktnkui si nsn nktoksn`nho o`lrturnfo sn si hlkhoktrozo horhotrnfo& ikifnzofo sn

    shcnmeuf ao nk`lrmitnn poktru i hlmeito spifroi eiknflr& `nkiktiroi torlrnsmufun sn ifto nk`rih-

    tnukn nkikhniro+

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    Hllporiroi LKWHXE hu nkstntutnnfo nmpfnhito nk ihost sohtlr fi knvof kitnlkif

    Kohosntitoi hllporirnn nktornkstntutnlkifo& hiaru fodif sn lrdiknsmofo nmpfnhito+

    Hlktrlfuf `nkikhnir sn ikhcotofo pokifo iu ovnaoktnit `iptuf hi po torntlrnuf Ulmiknon

    oxnsti drupurn hrnmnkifo hiro `lflsnka slhnotitn `iktlmi siu slhnotitn hu ihtnvntito ipirokt

    fodifi hlmnt nk`rihtnukn dokoritliro ao `lkaurn& `lkaurn hiro troh nk hofo ank urmi prnk prl-

    hosuf ao spifiro+ Ivika nk voaoro lrnoktirnfo hrnmnkifntitnn `nkikhniro& sn ikumo ao i profui ank

    ho nk ho min muft hlktrlfuf isupri sohtlrufun ohlklmnh& anstlrsnlkika moanuf ao i`ihorn& s-i

    hlkstitit kohosntitoi ukon min strikso hllporirn nktro nkstntutnnfo nmpfnhito& hlk`lrm hlm-

    potokton `nohironi& poktru i hlmeito ihost `fidof+

    Woktru ihost mltnv& provoaornfo Fodnn kr+ 0?0 poktru provoknroi sn sihtnlkiroi spifirnn

    eiknflr hrooizi hiaruf fodif iaohvit poktru l hlfielriro `ruhtulisi i L`nhnufun hu nktroduf

    snstom ao nkstntutnn sn oktntitn nmpfnhito nk provoknroi sn hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr:

    Nkstntutnn hiro iu sirhnki ao i ofielri sn ipfnhi fodnsfitni nk almoknuf hlmeitornnspifirnn eiknflr: Mnknstoruf Justntnon& Mnknstoruf @nkiktoflr Wuefnho& Mnknstoruf Nktodrirnn

    Ourlpoko& Mnknstoruf Iamnknstritnon sn Nktorkoflr& Wirhcotuf ao po fikdi Nkifti Hurto ao

    Hisitno sn Justntno& Eikhi Kitnlkifi i Ulmiknon& Xorvnhnuf Ulmik ao Nk`lrmitnn& Xorvnhnuf

    ao Nk`lrmitnn Oxtorko2

    Iutlrntitn hu itrneutnn ao hlktrlf `nkikhnir sn suprivodcoro pruaoktnifi: Dirai

    @nkikhniri& Iutlrntitoi Kitnlkifi i Pimnflr& Iamnknstritni @nkikhniri& Hurtoi ao Hlkturn

    i Ulmiknon& Anrohtni ao Xuprivodcoro i EKU& Hlmntotuf ao Ihlrairo ao Fnhokto sn

    Iutlrnziro i Jlhurnflr ao Klrlh ank hiaruf Mnknstorufun @nkiktoflr& Hlmnsni Kitnlkifi i

    Piflrnflr Mlenfniro& Hlmnsni ao Xuprivodcoro i Isndurirnflr2

    Oktntitn hu lefnditnn ao riplrtiro: eikhn sn suhursifo ifi eikhnflr strinko& nkstntutnn `n-kikhniro sn ao hroant& idoktn ohlklmnhn nmpfnhitn nk jlhurn ao klrlh& porsliko `nznho sn

    jurnanho hiro l`ori hlksuftitnn jurnanho& hlktienfo& kltirnifo& `nkikhnir-eikhiro& l`nhnn

    plstifo& hiso ao shcnme vifutir2

    Islhnitnn Wrl`osnlkifo: Islhnitni Ulmiki i Eikhnflr& Hlmnsni Kitnlkifi i PiflrnflrMlenfniro& _knukoi Kitnlkifi i Eirlurnflr ank Ulmikni& _knukoi Kitnlkifi i Kltirnflr

    Wuefnhn ank Ulmikni sn Hlrpuf Oxportnflr Hlktienfn sn Hlktienfnflr Iutlrnzitn ank Ulmikni+

    Kohosntitoi hllporirnn nktornkstntutnlkifo osto suefnkniti hcnir prnk mlauf ao lrdiknziro

    if LKWHXE+

    Hi urmiro& struhturi aofneoritnvi sn ao aohnzno& Wfokuf& osto `lrmit ank hito uk ropro-zoktikt if `nohironi anktro urmitlirofo nkstntutnn: Mnknstorufun @nkiktoflr Wuefnho& Mnknstorufun

    Justntnon& Mnknstorufun Iamnknstritnnflr sn Nktorkoflr& Wirhcotufun ao po fikdi Nkifti Hurto ao

    Hisitno sn Justntno& Eikhnn Kitnlkifo i Ulmiknon& Islhnitnon Ulmiko i Eikhnflr sn Hurtnn ao

    Hlkturn i Ulmiknon& kumntn nk `ukhtnn po l pornliai ao ? ikn& prnk cltiriro i Duvorkufun+

    Nk i`iri ihtnvntitnflr spohn nho nk hiaruf L`nhnufun& momernn Wfokufun iu rlfuf ao i

    isnduri hofo min o`nhnokto mnjfliho ao hllporiro hu nkstntutnnfo ank hiro prlvnk+

    Ivika nk voaoro provoaornfo fodifo& L`nhnuf sn-i isumit hlkauhoroi hllralkirnn

    o`lrturnflr poktru hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr fi knvof kitnlkif+ Ihost fuhru i `lst ovnaoktnit nk

    Uiplrtuf ao Ovifuiro isupri misurnflr ao hlmeitoro i spifirnn eiknflr sn i `nkiktirnn torlrns-

    mufun ofielrit ao hitro ohcnpi ao oxportn i @MN,Eikhnn Mlkanifo nk nufno 5778& nk hiro so

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    moktnlkoizi hi _kntitoi ao ikifnzi `nkikhniri i profuit hlkauhoroi hllralkirnn o`lrturnflrpoktru hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr fi knvof kitnlkif& i aovoknt lporitnlkifi fi shurt tnmp aupi

    hroiroi si sn i `lst lrdiknziti nktr-l miknori moknti si nmeukititoishi hllralkiroi nktornk-

    stntutnlkifi nktro lrdiknsmofo ao suprivodcoro sn hofo ao ipfnhiro i fodnn+ Ao isomokoi&

    L`nhnuf iro rlfuf ukun `nftru nk prltojiroi nk`lrmitnnflr `nkikhniro hlk`naoktnifo& tnkika soimi

    mlauf nk hiro sosnzirnfo sukt nkinktito Wirhcotufun ao po fikdi Nkifti Hurto ao Hisitno snJustntno& nk hizuf nk hiro oxnsti nkanhnn hu prnvnro fi sivirsnroi nk`rihtnuknn ao spifiro i eiknflr+

    Mnjflihofo hlkhroto ao hllporiro nktornkstntutnlkifi prlmlvito ao hitro L`nhnu

    Woktru stienfnroi hoflr min iaohvito mnjfliho ao hllporiro nk hiaruf fodif spohn`nh if

    `nohiron nkstntnutnn& iu `lst somkito nktofodorn ao hllporiro nktornkstntutnlkifi hu nkstntutnn& prnk-

    tro hiro okumorim: Mnknstoruf @nkiktoflr Wuefnho& Nkspohtlrituf Dokorif if Wlfntnon Ulmiko&

    Hurtoi ao Hlkturn i Ulmiknon& L`nhnuf Uodnstrufun Hlmortufun& Hlmnsni ao Xuprivodcoro i

    Isndurirnflr& Xorvnhnuf Ulmik ao nk`lrmitnn& Xorvnhnuf ao Nk`lrmitnn Oxtorko oth+

    Uozuftitofo aozvlftirnn hllporirnn L`nhnufun hu nkstntutnnfo puefnho sn ifto lrdiknsmo nktorko

    Ihtnvntitoi L`nhnufun ku plito `n hlkhoputi `iri hllporiroi hu ifto iutlrntitn sn nkstntutnn

    nktorko& nktruhit sirhnknfo hofo min nmplrtikto ifo L`nhnufun sukt: #n. prnmnroi nk`lrmitnnflr prnk

    HQU,XQU siu riplirto oxtorko& #nn. nmelditnroi flr hu nk`lrmitnn prlvoknka ao fi ifto nkstntutnn

    siu ank prlprni eizi ao aito& #nnn. ikifnziroi sn prlhosiroi flr nk shlpuf nk`lrmirnn Wirhcotufun

    ao po fikdi Nkifti Hurto ao Hisitno sn Justntno& nk hizuf nk hiro oxnsti nkanhnn hu prnvnro fi

    sivirsnroi nk`rihtnuknn ao spifiro i eiknflr+

    Isi hum aoji im moktnlkit& poktru i roauho tnmpuf ao ikifnzi sn poktru isnduriroi

    ihhosufun fi l pifoti firdi ao nk`lrmitnn L`nhnuf i rousnt si stienfoishi ihhosuf lkfnko fi eizofo

    ao aito ifo iftlr nkstntutnn puefnho& prnktro hiro moktnlkim:

    L`nhnuf Kitnlkif if Uodnstrufun Hlmortufun& poktru nktroidi eizi ao aito i

    porslikoflr jurnanho nkrodnstrito2

    Mnknstoruf @nkiktoflr Wuefnho& poktru eizofo ao aito prnvntliro fi enfikturnfo

    hlmorhnifo& rimeursiroi ao QPI sn pfiti lefnditnnflr hitro eudotuf ao stit2

    Iutlrntitoi Kitnlkifi i Pimnflr& poktru eizi ao aito i lporitnuknflr vimifo

    #nmplrturn sn oxplrturn.+

    Ao isomokoi& s-i nmpfomoktit ihhosuf hlmuk hu Nkspohtlrituf Dokorif if Wlfntnon Ulmiko

    fi eizi ao aito hlmputornziti i porslikoflr `nznho sn hu Nmprnmorni Kitnlkifi fi nk`lrmitnnfo nk

    fodituri hu porslikofo jurnanho hiro ihcnzntnlkoizi alhumokto hu rodnm spohnif+Ihosto misurn hlkauh fi nmeukititnroi hifntitnn ikifnzoflr o`ohtuito ao hitro L`nhnu sn

    fi roauhoroi pornliaon ao tnmp kohosiri ikifnzoflr& hooi ho nksoimki hi Wrlhurituri plito `n

    nk`lrmiti nk `lirto shurt tnmp nk fodituri hu ihtnvntitnfo aospro hiro so hroao hi roproznkti

    spifiro ao eikn+

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    HLKHF_ZNN

    Xpfiroi eiknflr& hiro osto uk `oklmok aolsoent ao pornhufls poktru ktroidi lmoknron& k ihofin tnmp& l driv hlmplkokt i ohlklmnon suetoriko i hptit rodfomoktrn fodifo

    k almoknuf provoknrnn n hlmeitornn po pfik nktorkinlkif prnk Hlkvokni LK_ ialptit

    fi 9> aohomerno 9>33 fi Pnoki& Hlkvokni LK_ khconit fi Xtriselurd fi 73 klnomerno 9>>7&Anrohtnvi Hlksnfnufun Hlmukntnn Ourlpoko kr+>9,873 ank 97 nukno 9>>9+ Wrnk uftnmuf iht

    klrmitnv so a l ao`nknno hlmpfot n roifnst klnuknn ao spfiro i eiknflr& ofuhnakau-sofnsti iprlxnmitnv i ihnuknflr pokif poaopsnenfo+

    Wornhlfuf slhnif splrnt if spfrnn eiknflr hlkst k `iptuf h aosolrn ihotni sukt`lflsnn uftornlr poktru roprlauhoroi ihtnvntnn hrnmnkifo& ihipiriroi ao `ipt i putornn ohlklmnhon plfntnho ank ir& hooi ho& k hofo ank urm& l`or plsnenfntitoi roif ao i anrnji huslhnotitoi k iksimefu+

    Isi hum im lesorvit spfiroi eiknflr osto svrnt aosolrn k hlkannnfo hrnmon

    lrdiknzito& ao hitro struhturnfo lrdiknzito hro ronkvostosh k i`ihorn fnhnto eiknn lenkun anki`ihorn nfnhnto utnfnzka& k ihost shlp& hnrhunto `nkikhniro nktorko n nktorkinlkifo hlmpfnhito+

    Worslkif& hlksnaor hi mlmoktik struhturnfo jurnanho ank Ulmikni& nk nktrod ipirituf

    `lrmit ank Wlfntno& Wirhcot& Nkstikto Juaohitlrostn& Dirai @nkikhniri& @nsh& Lrdiknsmo Pimifo&oth osto hlmpfot aopisnt ao impfliroi oklmokufun hrnmnkifnstnh lrdiknzit+

    Uomukoritni sfie& air sn prohiri proditnro i `ukhtnlkirnflr puefnhn nmpfnhitn nk ihtnuknfoao vorn`nhiro sn hlktrlf& plsnenfntitoi mntunrnn rofitnv usliro i ihostlri& hlruptni koorianhiti ank

    snstomuf eudotir& iu hlkaus fi ihoisti stiro ao `ipt+

    Nk hlkantnnfo nk hiro Kluf Hla Wokif hiro vi nktri nk vndliro nk 5791& i shizut pfi`lkuf

    poaopsoflr hu oxohutiro& ku hroa hi `oklmokuf ao hrnmnkifntito lrdiknziti vi nktri nk shiaoro&

    anmpltrnvi& poaopsofo mnhslrito ku-sn vlr itnkdo shlpuf ao nktnmnairo nkntnifi& hi si ku min

    vlrenm ao hof `nkif ao sikhtnlkiro i nk`rihtnuknflr+

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    [email protected]

    [email protected] Ho nksoimki spifiroi ao eikn OantnoUovnzunti& Lhtlmerno 5778

    Wrlnoht WCIUO UL>>-NE,JC-75 Mikuif ao nkstrunro prnvnka hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr

    5775

    Wrlnoht WCIUO UL75-NE,JC-73 Dcnauf ao Qrikzihtnn Xuspohto Oantni Uovnzunti& Xoptom

    erno 5771

    [email protected] - Toe Xnto Alhumokto

    Hlk`ornkti Nktorkitnlkifi ank Euhurostn Hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr sn `nkiktirnn

    torlrnsmufun: nktodriroi snstomoflr kitnlkifo nktr-uk hiaru dfleif hlksnstokt

    Euhurostn& 91-9? Nukno 5771

    @lkauf Mlkotir Nktorkitnlkif: Nmpfnhitnnfo mihrloklmnho ifo spifirnn eiknflr9>>0

    Eikhi Mlkanifi Dcnauf ao ro`ornkti prnvnka hlmeitoroi spifirnn eiknflr sn i

    `nkiktirnn torlrnsmufun 5771

    www+lkphse+rl,pa`,[email protected]@[email protected] - [email protected]_F KIQNLKIF AO WUOPOKNUO XNHLMEIQOUO I XWIFIUNN EIKNFLU

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