actiuni speciale asupra constructiilor datorate impactului si exploziilor

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  • 8/17/2019 Actiuni Speciale Asupra Constructiilor Datorate Impactului Si Exploziilor

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    I.INTRODUCERE

    I.1. DATE GENERALE

    Din c!"#$%i c!i&ni'$% ()"ci'" *i +c )%!" )" 'n# c!i&ni'" n!&%'" (i

    c!i&ni'" %!i+ici'".

    Ac!i&ni'" %!i+ici'" (" i*)%! in

    • E)'$ii

    • I*)c!&%i

    • /$c&'

    I.1.1.Explozii

    E)'$ii'" )$! +i !$%!" +i" i*)c!&%i'$% cci"n!'", +i" !c&%i'$% !"%$%i(!".

    A!&nci cn $ ")'$i" *%"  +$(! ini!i!", %" '$c +$%!" %")"" $ %"c!i"

    ci*ic "$!"%*. M!"%i'&' ci*ic 'ici (& ($'i "(!" !%n(+$%*! in!%-&n # +$%!"

    +i"%in!", "n(, (i c& )%"(i&n" in'!. E)'$i (" in!in" c& i!"" +$%!" *%i in

    inc"%c%" "  !in#" &n "ci'i%& c& "%&' inc$n&%!$%, c&n &n" " ($c.

    D"!$n%i'" ")'$(i" c%" &n ' ")'$i c%c!"%i! " $ c%"(!"%" in(!n!n""   )%"(i&nii !*$(+"%ic" ' $ (&)%)%"(i&n" " %+.

    E)'$i i*)in#" )" i&%i'" "!"%i$%" '" (!%c!&%ii ' "!"'" in+"%i$%" (i )$!"

    c& c"!%" &n$% i&%i (i ()%#"%" &n$% +"%"(!%". C&* &n ($c c$n!in& ( ("

    in!in, in!% in (!%&c!&% i*)in#n in (&( (i in $( ()%" ni"'" (!%&c!&%ii.

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    E"*)'" " ")'$ii

    T7E AL/RED P. MURRA7 /EDERAL 8UILDING, O9LA7OMA CIT:

     

    C'i%"  +$(! !in! $*%*"n!"'$% in O;'$* Ci!

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    U.S. EM8ASS: IN DAR ES SALAAM, TANZANIA

    Ac"(!" !c&%i & &! '$c in ? &(! 1==>. A'!&%i " c"(! !c (&)% *("i

    U.S. in Tnni  &! '$c (i*&'!n &n !c ' *( U.S. in 9"n

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    A!c&'  &! '$c in 11 (")!"*%i" 2001.In i*in"! c"'"i i'", 1= !"%$%i(!i A'-

    " & "!&%n! )!%& i$n" c$*"%ci'" " )(#"%i. T"%$%i(!ii & )%"'&! c$n!%$'&'

    i$n"'$%, )%&(in $&B in!%" "'" in T&%n&%i'" G"*"n" '" @$%' T%" C"n!"% in

     N" :$%;, $*$%n !$!" )"%($n"'" " ' $% i *&' i '!i $*"ni c%" '&c%& in c'i%i.ș ț

    A*"'" c'i%i (-& )%&(i! in "c&%( " $& $%", i(!%n (i %iin (i '!" c'i%i in &%. T"%$%i(!ii & )%&(i! &n ' !%"i'" i$n in c'i%" P"n!#$n in A%'in#!$n,

    i%#ini, 'n# @(in#!$n, D.C

    I*)c!&%i cci"n!'"

    PIRELLI [email protected], MILANO

    In 1> )%i'i" 2002, &n i$n &($%  in!%!, in T&%n&' Pi%"''i in Mi'n$, c ic!i*"

    & +$(! " !%"i *$%!i (i 20 " %ni!i. I*)c!&'  &! '$c in!%" "!"'" 25 (i 2?. Acci"n!&' 

    +$(! &%*! " &n inc"ni& c%" (- in!in( ' '!" "!" '" i*$i'&'&i.

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    II.SCENARII IN SAP 2000

    Sc"n%ii'" c$n(!& in in'!&%%" &n$% (!')i in (!%&c!&% " %"i(!"n! c%" %

     )&!" +i (&)&(i &n$% i*)c!&%i (& ")'$ii.

    P" $ (!%&c!&% P20E * %"'i! 2 !i)&%i " n'i

    • S!!ic n"'ini% PUS7OER

    • Din*ic n"'ini% TIME 7ISTOR:

    Sc"n%i&' c$n(! in in'!&%%" &n&i (!'), (&  2 (!')i (i*&!n, &) c%" (" +c c"'"

    2 n'i"(!!ic %"()"c!i in*ic (i (" $("% ")'(%i'" (!%&c&!%ii, (i ni"'"'" "

     )"%+$%*n! in c%" (" )$! +' "'"*"n!"'" " %"i(!"n! '" c'i%ii.

    An'i P&($"% (" +c" )"n!%& +c!$%ii " *)'i+ic%" 2, 1.6 (i 1.2.

    II.1.STALP DE COLT

    An'i P&($"% 

    /c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 2 /c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 1.6 /c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 1.2

     

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    S" $("% c )"n!%&

    • +c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 2, ")'(%" "(!" " -0.035 *,

    •  +c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 1.6 ,")'(%" "(!" " -0.030 *

    • +c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 1.2, ")'(%" "(!" " -0.024*.

     An'i Ti*" 7i(!$%<

    cIn!"%)%"!%" %"&'!!"'$%

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    0 0.1 0.20.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1

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    II.2.STALP PENULTIM

    An'i P&($"% 

      /c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 2 /c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 1.6 /c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 1.2

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    S" $("% c )"n!%&

    • +c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 2, ")'(%" "(!" " -0.011 *,

    •  +c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 1.6 ,")'(%" "(!" " -0.006 *

    • +c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 1.2, ")'(%" "(!" " -0.00?*.

     An'i Ti*" 7i(!$%<

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    cIn!"%)%"!%" %"&'!!"

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    II.3.STALP INTERIOR 

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    An'i P&($"% 

      /c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 2 /c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 1.6 /c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 1.2

     

    S" $("% c )"n!%&

    • +c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 2, ")'(%" "(!" " -0.062 *,

    •  +c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 1.6 ,")'(%" "(!" " -0.051 * • +c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 1.2, ")'(%" "(!" " -0.040 *.

     An'i Ti*" 7i(!$%<

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    II.4.STALP COLT SI STALP PENULTIM

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    An'i P&($"% 

      /c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 2 /c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 1.6 /c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 1.2

     

    S" $("% c )"n!%&

    • +c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 2, ")'(%" "(!" " -0.043 *,

    •  +c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 1.6 ,")'(%" "(!" " -0.03? *

    • +c!$% " *)'i+ic%" 1.2, ")'(%" "(!" " -0.030 *.

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    cIn!"%)%"!%" %"&'!!"'$% 

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